How to Empower with Art?

How to Empower with Art?

How to Empower with Art? Uplift Each Other As We All Are Creative Beings

How to Empower with Art? How to Empower as an Artist? There are many ways in which an artist can empower others with his or her art. We all are artists in one way or another. Use your developed skills in whatever field of activity you are involved. If you are a love one, or a writer, musician, actor, producer, a cook, dancer, teacher, or leader.

Empower with Art

As an artist myself, I have been doing this since I started and then launched my artistic career as “The Empowering Artist” and “Empower with Art” since 2007.

We can be empowered to shape our world in ways imaginable, with whatever creative abilities we develop and possess. It makes us happy to be able to contribute our ‘gifts’ to humanity, and to further evolve as a society.

I will be showing examples of artist’s works of art to illustrate how to empower as an artist or how to empower with art.

Empower as a Visual Artist – Fine Art

Here is one of my very own “Empower with Art” Creations.

We Are United Together By The Life Force Of Our Earth Home We All Depend On For Sustainability “We Are United Together By The Life Force Of Our Earth Home We All Depend On For Sustainability” – Kazim Abasali

Empower as a Performing Artist – Composer, Lyricist, Performer

We can empower as a musical composer and as a lyricist, and as a performer.
Here is a song that empowers and inspires me greatly. It is a performance by Brian Stokes Mitchell from the musical “Man of La Mancha”.

“The Impossible Dream (The Quest)” song composed by Mitch Leigh, with lyrics written by Joe Darion. The song is the most popular song from the 1965 Broadway musical Man of La Mancha and is also featured in the 1972 film of the same name.

To dream the impossible dream
To fight the unbeatable foe
To bear with unbearable sorrow
To run where the brave dare not go

To right the unrightable wrong
To love pure and chaste from afar
To try when your arms are too weary
To reach the unreachable star

This is my quest, to follow that star
No matter how hopeless, no matter how far
To fight for the right, without question or pause
To be willing to march into Hell for a heavenly cause

And I know if I’ll only be true
To this glorious quest
That my heart will lie peaceful and calm
When I’m laid to my rest

And the world will be better for this
That one man scorned and covered with scars
Still strove with his last ounce of courage
To reach the unreachable star!

Empower as a Performing Artist – Songwriter and Singer

To start my day, or to seize the day, I use the song “Seize The Day” written and sung by Carolyn Arends. I produced a music video adding photos and words to her song which I published on YouTube as far back as Jul 30, 2007. It has been viewed over 100,00 times already.

Song – Seize The Day by Carolyn Arends who is a Canadian contemporary Christian musician, songwriter, and author.

I know a girl who was schooled in Manhattan
She reads dusty books and learns phrases in Latin
She is an author, or maybe a poet
A genius, but it’s just this world doesn’t know it
She works on her novel most everyday
If you laugh she will say

Seize the day, seize whatever you can
‘Cause life slips away just like hourglass sand
Seize the day, pray for grace from God’s hand
Then nothing will stand in your way
Seize the day.

Well I know a doctor, a fine young physician
Left his six figure job for a mission position
He’s healing the sick in an African village
He works in the dirt and writes home to the cynics
He says “We work through the night so most everyday
As we watch the sun rise we can say

Seize the day, seize whatever you can
‘Cause life slips away just like hourglass sand
Seize the day, pray for grace from God’s hand
Then nothing will stand in your way
Seize the day.

I know a man who’s been doing some thinking
He’s as bitter and cold as the whiskey he’s drinking
He’s talking ’bout fear, about chances not taken
If you listen to him you can hear his heart breaking
He says “One day you’re a boy and the next day you’re dead
I wish way back when someone had said

Seize the day, seize whatever you can
‘Cause life slips away just like hourglass sand
Seize the day, pray for grace from God’s hand
Then nothing will stand in your way
Seize the day.

Well one thing I’ve noticed wherever I wander
Everyone’s got a dream he can follow or squander
You can do what you will with the days you are given
I’m trying to spend mine on the business of living
So I’m singing my songs off of any old stage
You can laugh if you want, I’ll still say

Seize the day, seize whatever you can
‘Cause life slips away just like hourglass sand
Seize the day, pray for grace from God’s hand
Then nothing will stand in your way
Seize the day.

Empower as a Literary Artist – Essayist and Poet

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, lecturer, philosopher, and poet. He wrote in 1841 one of his most famous essays – “Self-Reliance” – the need for each individual to avoid conformity and follow their own instincts and ideas.

Here is an excerpt of his essay on “Self-Reliance”:
“There is a time in every man’s education when he arrives at the conviction that envy is ignorance; that imitation is suicide; that he must take himself for better, for worse, as his portion; that though the wide universe is full of good, no kernel of nourishing corn can come to him but through his toil bestowed on that plot of ground which is given him to till. The power which resides in him is new in nature, and none but he knows what that is which he can do, nor does he know until he has tried.”

Empower as a Literary Artist – Poet

Poem – “Be the Best of Whatever You Are”
by Poet Douglas Malloch (May 5, 1877 – July 2, 1938).
He was an American poet and short-story writer.

If you can’t be a pine on the top of the hill,
Be a scrub in the valley — but be
The best little scrub by the side of the rill;
Be a bush if you can’t be a tree.

If you can’t be a bush be a bit of the grass,
And some highway happier make;
If you can’t be a muskie then just be a bass —
But the liveliest bass in the lake!

We can’t all be captains, we’ve got to be crew,
There’s something for all of us here,
There’s big work to do, and there’s lesser to do,
And the task you must do is the near.

If you can’t be a highway then just be a trail,
If you can’t be the sun be a star;
It isn’t by size that you win or you fail —
Be the best of whatever you are!

Empower as a Literary Artist – Poet

A 21st century artist's imagination of Kalidasa

A 21st century artist’s imagination of Kalidasa.
Kālidāsa was a Classical Sanskrit writer, widely regarded as the greatest poet and dramatist in the Sanskrit language of India, who lived probably in the 4th or 5th century. This poem is attributed to him.

Poem – Salutation To The Dawn

Look to this day!
For it is life, the very life of life.
In its brief course
Lie all the verities and realities of your existence:
The bliss of growth
The glory of action
The splendour of achievement.
For yesterday is but a dream
And tomorrow is only a vision,
But today well lived makes yesterday a dream of happiness
And every tomorrow a vision of hope.
Look well, therefore, to this day!
Such is the salutation to the dawn.

Empower as a Literary Artist – Writer

William Hutchinson Murray, Scottish mountaineer and writer (18 March 1913 – 19 March 1996) from his 1951 book entitled The Scottish Himalayan Expedition.

“Until one is committed, there is hesitancy, the chance to draw back, always ineffectiveness. Concerning all acts of initiative (and creation), there is one elementary truth, the ignorance of which kills countless ideas and splendid plans: that the moment one definitely commits oneself, then Providence moves too. All sorts of things occur to help one that would never otherwise have occurred. A whole stream of events issues from the decision, raising in one’s favour all manner of unforeseen incidents and meetings and material assistance, which no man could have dreamt would have come his way.”

Empower as a Performing Artist – Singers

Andrea Bocelli-I Believe with Katherine Jenkins

One day I’ll hear
The laugh of children
In a world where war has been banned.

One day I’ll see
Men of all colours
Sharing words of love and devotion.

Stand up and feel
The Holy Spirit
Find the power of your faith.

Open your heart
To those who need you
In the name of love and devotion.

Yes, I believe.

I believe in the people
Of all nations
To join and to care
For love.

I believe in a world
Where light will guide us
And giving our love
We’ll make heaven on earth.

I believe in the people
Of all nations
To join and to care
For love.

I believe in a world
Where light will guide us
And giving our love
We’ll make heaven on earth.

Yes, I believe.

I believe in the people
Of all nations
To join and to care
For love.

I believe in a world
And giving our love
We’ll make heaven on earth.

I believe.

Writer: Eric Levisalles

Empower as a Literary Artist – Essayist and Poet

Bessie Anderson Stanley (born Caroline Elizabeth Anderson, March 25, 1879 – October 2, 1952) was an American writer, the author of the poem Success (What is success? or What Constitutes Success?), which is often incorrectly attributed to Ralph Waldo Emerson or Robert Louis Stevenson.

He achieved success who has lived well, laughed often, and loved much;
Who has enjoyed the trust of pure women, the respect of intelligent men and the love of little children;
Who has filled his niche and accomplished his task;
Who has never lacked appreciation of Earth’s beauty or failed to express it;
Who has left the world better than he found it,
Whether an improved poppy, a perfect poem, or a rescued soul;
Who has always looked for the best in others and given them the best he had;
Whose life was an inspiration;
Whose memory a benediction.”

Empower as a Literary Artist – Writer/Leader

Robert Baden-Powell

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, (22 February 1857 – 8 January 1941) was a British Army officer, writer, founder and first Chief Scout of The Boy Scouts Association, and founder of the Girl Guides. Baden-Powell authored the first editions of ‘Scouting for Boys’, which was an inspiration for the Scout Movement.

“Leave this world a little better than you found it.”

Empower as a Visual Artist – Fine Art

Here is another of my “Empower with Art” Creations.

"You Cannot Teach A Man Anything, You Can Only Help Him Find It Within Himself." Galileo Galilei “You Cannot Teach A Man Anything, You Can Only Help Him Find It Within Himself” – Galileo Galilei

Empower as a Literary Artist – Playwright and Dramatist

William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptized) – 23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright, actor and dramatist.

“All the world’s a stage, And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances, And one man in his time plays many parts”

Empower as an Artist

Are you illuminating this world with your art?
What role are you playing in this life of yours?
All the world is a stage, and we are the actors.
What mark bearing your name are you leaving for others?
Your efforts, creative abilities, skills and work, says a lot about you and your artistry. It is your legacy.

There are certain people who make the world a better place just by being in it. You are one of those people.

What is the Art of Empowerment

What is the Art of Empowerment?

What is the Art of Empowerment?  Using your Artistic Creativity to Encourage Others to Develop their Skills for Self-sufficiency

Empowering others is an art in itself. It involves one’s creative skills tempered with tactful persuasion in allowing others to have a better sense of managing their own affairs. Apart from the main question, What is the Art of Empowerment, a key question is – Who is administering the art of empowerment? And then the other question is How is the Art of Empowerment being applied?

Parents, guardians, teachers, coaches and leaders are the ones often tasked with this very important life undertaking or assignment. It is letting the individual use their inherent God-given ability of ownership of their destiny, and learning to chart the courses of life. Whatever life throws at them, they learn to equip themselves with tools to adapt. And failure is a part of the process of learning until the right lessons are acquired to ultimately succeed.

What is the Art of Empowerment? The art of empowerment is using your artistic skills to encourage others to develop their skills for self-sufficiency and mastering the art of living.

The Art of Empowerment of:

  • Children by Parents, Guardians and other Adults in a Child’s Formative Years
  • Children by Preschool – Early Childhood Education for Human Development
  • Students by Teachers
  • Students by School Counselors
  • Students by Sports Coaches
  • Children by Christian and Religious Counselors
  • Students by Professors and Instructors in Higher Learning Institutions
  • Employees by Organizations, Companies, Businesses, Bosses, Managers, Supervisors
  • People by Mentors, Role Models and from Your own Life Experiences

The Art of Self Empowerment
The Art of Supreme Empowerment

The Art of Empowerment of Children by Parents, Guardians and other Adults in a Child’s Formative Years

Parents and Guardians – mothers, fathers, step-parents, play such a huge important role in children’s development. They supply the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of a child from infancy. They shoulder the immediate responsibility to nurture and raise their offspring with love and affection, praise and encouragement. Parents want what they believe is best for their children. Children’s positive behaviors are influenced by parenting skills that lead a child into a healthy adult, for a child is dependent on their parents, readying the child for challenges.

Parents influence their children with protective social interactions and by encouraging proper social behaviors, and offer gentle, nurturing guidance. Parents also teach their children by example. Children at a younger age are given the opportunity to become skilled in tasks and they begin to learn responsibility. Child discipline is taught imparting knowledge and skill, and instructed to follow a particular code of conduct, helping the child build a strong foundation. It involves looking after, or monitoring a child’s activities.

Parents and guardians use the experiences they have learned in their own lives. They often sacrifice greatly to provide the necessities of life for their children, often at their own unselfish expense. Truly they are the unsung heroes of our lives. Parenting can be a lifelong process. There are benefits to parenting, for parents in their old age can receive assistance with caring from their children in return.

Other family members like grandparents, uncles, aunts, very older cousins, and even a family friend or adult neighbours play a pivotal role in every child’s development. As the African proverb goes “It take as a village to raise a child”. For the community is about building a supportive social network. Children require supervision, advice and guidance by their parents or other adults. For young children are generally incapable of looking after themselves, and clumsy in making informed decisions for their own well-being.

The Art of Empowerment of Children by Preschool – Early Childhood Education for Human Development

The Art of Empowerment of Children by Preschool – Early Childhood Education for Human Development

Early childhood education takes place in childcare, nursery, kindergarten, or montessori schools with early learning programs. Parents place their children in a safe and supervised environment. These schools provide early childhood education as it affects the development of a child’s personality, and is a precious support to parents and guardians. This early education of the young mind is in a supportive, thoughtfully prepared learning environment. It attempts to develop children physically, socially, emotionally and cognitively, observing the individual child’s characteristics, tendencies, innate talents and abilities.

An attribute of love and acceptance is developed within the child for the overall goal is to be concerned with the child’s happiness. Children are trained to be at liberty to choose and act freely within an environment for optimal development. The function of the environment is to help and allow the child to develop independence in all areas according to his or her inner psychological makeup. The task of the early schooling is to build in the child with habits of mind that would allow the capacity of reason to develop.

Nursery, kindergarten, or montessori schooling recognize the importance of empathy and aspire to build capacity in the children in hopes of them becoming confident and emotionally resilient even an at early age. Their impact is tremendous as children learn with other young minds as themselves. Communication skills and behavioral skills become second nature to these young children as they interact on a daily basis with new young friends as well as their teachers.

For with such early childcare and education, young children learn how to function in relation to other people. With proper guidance, children become more comfortable with their environment. The forming of attachments is believed to be the basic building block of the infant child’s capacity to form and conduct relationships throughout life.

The Art of Empowerment of Students by Teachers

During adolescence children are beginning to form their identity and roles that they will assume as adults. Educational training programs are established for younger children to the middle school and high school. The ultimate goal is to foster sound judgment and morals so the child develops and maintains self-discipline throughout the rest of his/her life. They need help to build their vocabulary, increase their communication skills. These children are becoming more independent and are beginning to build friendships.

They are treated as young adults with positive training where good behavior is encouraged and rewarded, learning important values and life lessons. They are taught, trained and guided so that they learn and practice self-control, to develop their ability to manage their emotions, and to make wise choices regarding their personal behavior. In every stage of their middle and high school development, they are instructed about planning, preparing, and gathering resources. Lessons include work in language, mathematics, history, the sciences, the arts, etc.

The Art of Empowerment of Students by School Counselors

School Counselors work in primary schooling which consist of elementary and middle schools, and also secondary schools, to provide academic, career, and college competencies to students through school counseling programs. School counseling is therefore an integral part of the educational system, by providing support to parents or guardians to make informed decisions about their child’s education for learning and behavioral issues. In addition, school counselors assist teachers, parents or guardians in assessing disabilities in students, if any, and they collaborate with outside agencies to provide the best support for students, and parents.

The school counseling programs also use teachers or psychologists to do school counseling that promotes and enhances student achievement aiming towards career development as in career guidance. School counselors do social counseling, and are skilled in their programs doing academic, career, and college readiness. Their work also focuses on the developmental stages of the students growth, relative to the needs, tasks, and student interests.

Counselors help with wholesome values guiding and teaching the growing child, who is affected by many decisions made, particularly choices linked to their lifestyle. This can be achieved by planning and taking part in fun activities together, spending time with them, and listening to and talking to them. The guidance the children receives promote their motivation to participate and become an active member of their community. Guidance instruction helps the young person by instilling and creating greater awareness of their environment around them.

A tool used is to incorporate such training activities into these young children everyday lives, allowing the children to learn through observation. Children are also integrated into all types of mature daily activities and encouraged to discover and contribute individually and in groups. This tool promotes both community participation and learning.

The Art of Empowerment of Students by Sports Coaches

The Art of Empowerment of Students by Sports Coaches

Sports play just an important role in a child’s overall development just as academics. For holistic development, exercise of the body is needed. A sports coach is involved in the direction, instruction and training of individual students or a team. A coach may also be a teacher. Coaches help to supervise physical conditioning – strength and fitness, and to develop morale-building. Nutrition is discussed as it is critical to the overall long-term success of any athlete. Physiotherapists also play a part in the overall development of these student/athletes.

The primary objective of the coach is to aid the students/players in the development of their technical skills. Coaches encourage the enjoyment and fair play of the game, as well as physical or tactical player development. There are many different sports and there may be many different coaches of these different sport in schools. There are also volunteer coaches who may be parents of students.

Here the mind of the student is aided in the use of strategies of the sports played. Strategies are standard usage in games like chess. So both body and mind work together as a coordinated unit in execution of plays. Coaches also often devise game plans, or instructions for what their players will do during the game. For every sport, there are different game plans. Psychological coaching that control the students emotions gives the student/player the needed confidence and mindset to excel as an athlete in any sport.

The Art of Empowerment of Children by Christian and other Religious Counselors

Christian Counselors provide Religious Instructions with Scriptures from the Bible. They see the Bible which teaches that God is their Source in Whom they should Believe and place their Faith. Christian counseling focuses on the concern of the whole person – body, soul and spirit, and observes the values taught in the Bible.

Religious counselors from different Churches and Beliefs seek to make people aware and come to know the immense worth and value they have as a person of God, thereby achieving a better understanding of themselves. They help people regain a sense of hope for their lives and to assist others as in the Golden Rule principle. Treat others as you would wish to be treated. It is also know as the law of reciprocity.

There are Religious Teachers from other Churches comprising Clergy, Bishops, Abbots, Abbesses, Ministers, Pastors, Priests, Monks, Nuns, Deacons, Chaplains, Lay Ministers, Rabbis, Hazzan, Pundits, Imams, Shamans, Oracles, Sangha, and others.

The Art of Empowerment of Students by Professors and Instructors in Higher Learning Institutions

The Art of Empowerment of Students by Professors and Instructors in Higher Learning Institutions

Higher education also called post-secondary education, third-level, or tertiary education, occurs after completion of secondary education. It is available at institutes like universities, vocational schools, and trade schools, where students receive advanced training, or become more specialized in their chosen field.

It includes both the undergraduate level, and the more advanced graduate-level, or postgraduate level. Different fields of study include science, technology, engineering, math, business, education, communication, and liberal arts degrees.

Higher vocational education and training takes place at the non-university tertiary level, at Higher education institutions of vocational education, known as Trade Schools, Vocational University, Vocational Schools, or Technical Schools.

Higher Education takes place at formal institutions. Higher Education is qualified with a very strong disciple focused on an application of learning. It involves many years of work and study, requires lots of research, with the final aim of being a highly-skilled professional with degrees that are widely recognized. Graduates with degrees can show credentials or certification of having a scholarly expertise developed with the ability to address difficult problems and achieve desired solutions.

The Art of Empowerment of Employees by Organizations, Companies, Businesses, Bosses, Managers, Supervisors

Mostly a person’s role in society takes the form of a job, or an occupation. It is an activity performed in exchange for payment as for a living. A person may work to do his job as an employee. Being trained for a certain type of job may qualify you as a professional. Other people may own or operate a business as bosses. People have many varied careers.

In business companies or organizations, there is leadership development for company executives, managers, supervisors and employees. It is about empowering people. Apart from making decisions, leaders encourage and foster leadership development. Companies do organize seminars and workshops on leadership and management training for businesses and government agencies to train their employees.

Leadership involves management practices of sharing information, rewards, and power with employees. The hired worker can then take the initiative of making decisions to solve problems, and improve service and performance. What will contribute to employees greater competence and satisfaction? By empowering and providing employees the opportunity and authorization with the needed skills and resources.

The employees then assume responsibility and accountability for the outcomes of their actions. Employees will further demonstrate their willingness to be leaders in their field of operations. That is the ultimate Art of Empowerment is the workplace. Think about the Art of Empowerment. Practice it by entrusting someone, thereby further developing and building confidence in future leaders.

The Art of Empowerment of People by Mentors, Role Models and from Your Own Life Experiences

The Art of Empowerment of People by Mentors, Role Models and from Your Own Life Experiences

We can pattern ourselves after successful people or role models, whose behavior, example, or success can be emulated by others, especially by younger people. We can read books and watch documentaries movies about them, We can then “model” the skills of these exceptional people, allowing ourselves to acquire those skills.

Such highly successful persons exist in any field of endeavor we choose to follow. They serve as pathways to success for all career seekers of ambitious yet realistic goals. Your choice of role models can impact your career opportunities and choices. Whether it be gaining the self-confidence in pursuing careers in science, technology, engineering, mathematical, sports and entertainment fields.

With that said, our own parents, teachers and “community uncles and aunts” can also significantly influence our career aspirations. And they are within reach and approachable to mentor us. They can greatly shape, nurture and support our development and future success.

Mentors with a certain area of expertise are more experienced and knowledgeable to help guide us. One important characteristic of close family and community mentors, is that they help us build character with proper upbringing, that goes alongside career development.

You can learn from others like your parents, guardians, teachers, coaches and leaders. But for sure, life has unexpected twists and turns. That is when a positive, brave and resourceful attitude is your greatest ally. And having such a strong, unbreakable resolve makes all the difference in overcoming unpleasant, crisis situations in one’s life.

Your own life experiences develops you in ways unimaginable to say the least. One discovers new things, and once again, like how you learn as a child, you again learn to explore and learn through observation, and you develop extraordinary skills. You become more decisive seeking greater independence and wonderment of the world around you.

The Art of Self Empowerment

We can also seek learning ourselves through self-help books, courses, video instruction, life coaches, as a pathway to further learning. Such learning is know by other names such as ‘Informal learning’, ‘Independent Study’, and ‘Do-It-Yourself’ style of learning.

We can avail ourselves of online education or distance learning over the internet. It is a form of development in which a person uses self learning material through training and guidance in achieving a specific personal or professional goal. Some of these provide positive support, feedback and advice.

Apart from Career, there are areas such as Business, Financial, Health and Wellness, Relationship, and many more professional Empowerment training. Never before in history has it been so easy to be self-educated, due to the easier availability of free information on the Internet accessed with computing devices such as with desktop and laptop computers, tablets, smartphones, etc.

Today access to facts, books, libraries and universities are available online. Many people are now largely self-educated. We also can acquire knowledge through television programming learning. There are public televisions stations and other teaching stations, with programs, shows and documentaries for children and adults.

The Art of Supreme Empowerment

The art of empowerment is a life long process. It is from birth till death. In the beginning of life, we as babies are dependent on our parents and guardians. And as older adults we depend on ourselves as mature beings. In addition, this mindset of a belief in a Superior Being who created this Universe has helped many a lost soul.

In times of crises, be it personal, family, community or national, like sickness, dying, death, major accidents, trauma, or natural disasters, when man cannot by himself solve a devastating situation, people can turn to an Almighty God for help in such times of trouble.

These are the times in our lives when we are at the mercy of circumstances beyond our control. We are in survival mode or near deaths door when these trials appear on our front step from nowhere. We turn to God when all else fails. As the expression says “If you did not find God, God finds you”.

Some of us turn to God’s Holy or Bible Scripture to find consolation or faith. We seek out these Scripture passages or Verses in the Bible to comfort us, like when we lose a love one.

To continue on after despair, we put our trust in God and hope for His Divine intervention in one way or another despite all the setbacks, tears, and anguish. We need courage to persevere.

Much more we need peace within despite what is happening all around us or even to us. One such scripture verse may be comforting to us “The peace of God, which passes all understanding”.

Empowerment the Art of Creating

What are your thoughts on the Art of Empowerment? Do you view it as a key part in developing and empowering others by looking for opportunities to create future leaders? Empowerment is The Art of Creating or being a creative being or artist. Who creates whatever is necessary to be the mother of invention, to solve life’s situations, to fill the world with worthwhile creations.

To continue creating more to further evolve our existence on our planet and other worlds, plantings seeds in the consciousness of humanity to further empower generations to come. To stir, stimulate, excite, arouse and continue to rekindle our spirit mastering the art of living in each one of us.

What is Empowerment?

What is Empowerment?

Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime

Definition of Empowerment

  • The granting of the power, right, or authority to perform various acts or duties.
  • Authority, right, or power given to someone to do something.
  • The process of becoming stronger and more confident, especially in controlling one’s life and claiming one’s rights.
  • The process of gaining freedom and power to do what you want or to control what happens to you.
  • Freedom to act.
  • The process of giving a group of people more freedom or rights.

What is empowerment? Empowerment is having the freedom, right or power to act, to perform various acts or duties. To do what you want or to control what happens to you. Claiming one’s rights.

What it is to Empower

Nelson Mandela in Johannesburg, Gauteng, on 13 May 2008. Author: South Africa The Good News
Nelson Mandela in Johannesburg, Gauteng, on 13 May 2008. Author: South Africa The Good News

“Education is the most powerful weapon we can use to change the world.” Nelson Mandela

To Empower or Empowerment is:

allow, entitle, encourage; equip, endow, enable, supply, give qualities or abilities to

render capable or able for some task

to promote the self-actualization or influence by inspiring

emancipate, give means to, enfranchise, empowering by means of education

Empowerment also includes encouraging, and developing the skills for self-sufficiency. The process is to start and to implement as you go along, then it becomes effective. Self-sufficiency is becoming, being able, or depending on oneself, instead of being on charity, or welfare. Self-confidence grows because one becomes fully self-supporting.

The opportunities created by oneself garners a pride of accomplishment since one can develop for oneself. One can then take responsibility and credit for the success of projects and the consequences. Empowerment occurs through the improvement of our conditions, and our global perspective of life. Strategies that cause changes, which can profoundly, directly, and positively impact communities.

Empowerment refers to increasing the spiritual, social, educational, and economic strength of individuals and communities, to recognize and use their resources. Empowerment is characterized by a movement of continuing education and self-help. Empowerment is seen as a tool to increase the responsibility of the citizen.

Marianne Williamson
Marianne Williamson

“Our deepest fear is not that we are inadequate. Our deepest fear is that we are powerful beyond measure. It is our light, not our darkness that most frightens us. We ask ourselves, Who am I to be brilliant, gorgeous, talented, and fabulous? Actually, who are you not to be? You are a child of God. Your playing small does not serve the world. There is nothing enlightened about shrinking so that other people will not feel insecure around you. We are all meant to shine, as children do. We were born to make manifest the glory of God that is within us. It is not just in some of us; it is in everyone and as we let our own light shine, we unconsciously give others permission to do the same. As we are liberated from our own fear, our presence automatically liberates others.” Marianne Williamson

So Empowerment is a process by which people, groups, organizations, and communities, individually and collectively, gain mastery over their lives, and in so doing, maximize the quality of their lives. They do so by taking control of their very own circumstances, utilizing their ability to envision and achieve their own goals.

For Empowerment entails that people involve themselves in their own decision-making processes. They create their own strategies that cause changes, for the improvement and betterment of their own lives. By having the authority they could make plans, set their own goals, organize their work using their skill-set and management of operations.

Types of Empowerment

"Quit India Movement ", photo at Gandhi Memorial, Sabarmati Ashram, Ahamadabad. Author: Susant purohit
“Quit India Movement “, photo at Gandhi Memorial, Sabarmati Ashram, Ahamadabad. Author: Susant purohit

“A man is but the product of his thoughts. What he thinks, he becomes.” Mahatma Gandhi

Self-empowered people possesses the pride of accomplishment as they develop for themselves. The empowerment approach focuses on mobilizing to help oneself to improve or transform their social, political or economic situations. They learn how they can use their own abilities to advance their life situations.

There are many different types of empowerment. Types of empowerment of individuals, groups, organizations, whether they are government organizations or non-government organizations, and communities.

Some of the types of empowerment, or categories of empowerment are:

  • Individual Empowerment
  • Group Empowerment, or People Empowerment
  • Community Empowerment
  • Empowerment Programs or Programmes
  • Empowerment Technology
  • Skill Empowerment
  • Empowerment in Development
  • Psychological Empowerment
  • Youth Empowerment
  • Empowerment for at-risk Youths
  • Women’s Empowerment
  • Empowering Women in the Developing World
  • Cultural Empowerment
  • Economic Empowerment
  • Societal Empowerment, or Social Empowerment
  • Political Empowerment
  • Empowerment in Business
  • Employee Empowerment
  • Empowerment in the Workplace
  • Empowerment in Social Work
  • Empowerment in the Art of Creating
  • The Art of Empowerment
  • Empowerment in Art
  • Empowerment Artwork
Martin Luther King, 1964. Author: Nobel Foundation
Martin Luther King, 1964. Author: Nobel Foundation

“We must discover the power of love, the power, the redemptive power of love. And when we discover that we will be able to make of this old world a new world. We will be able to make men better. Love is the only way.” Martin Luther King, Jr.

The empowerment of the individual is the backbone of a society or nation. With Individual Empowerment comes People Empowerment which extends to Group Empowerment. Community Empowerment is a result of more empowerment of people and groups in a community.

The fabric of that community is strengthened as more individuals and groups of people become strong in their resolve to solve their own situations from a greater mindset that they are equipped to handle their own affairs. And that they have the ability to make better decision making determination and choices of their own. Or can manage their affairs by getting right solutions from themselves or others. The most important aspect is that they are in control.

Empowerment comes about as they grow and develop through education, training, and learn skills in their different areas of activity as well as managerial skills to employ the best strategies involved.

Empowerment Quotes

Sharing Empowerment Quotes to enable a stronger and more confident self, controlling one’s life and claiming one’s rights. Thereby gaining the freedom and power to do what you want or to control what happens to you.

Bill Gates in Berlin (2013). Author: www.dts-nachrichtenagentur.de
Bill Gates in Berlin (2013). Author: www.dts-nachrichtenagentur.de

As we look ahead into the next century, leaders will be those who empower others.” Bill Gates.

Power can be taken, but not given. The process of the taking is empowerment in itself.” Gloria Steinem.

Be of service. Whether you make yourself available to a friend or co-worker, or you make time every month to do volunteer work, there is nothing that harvests more of a feeling of empowerment than being of service to someone in need.” Gillian Anderson.

“Education remains the key to both economic and political empowerment.” Barbara Jordan.

Empowering the individual means empowering the nation. And empowerment is best served through rapid economic growth with rapid social change.” Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

As an independent artist, you control the means of production, which is the ultimate form of empowerment.” K. Flay.

Technology is the foundation of the empowerment economy.” Elise Stefanik.

Saving our planet, lifting people out of poverty, advancing economic growth… these are one and the same fight. We must connect the dots between climate change, water scarcity, energy shortages, global health, food security and women’s empowerment. Solutions to one problem must be solutions for all.” Ban Ki-moon.

The goal of each EarthEcho Expedition is to inspire and empower youth around the world with the knowledge and tools to take an active role in protecting critical natural resources in their own communities.” Philippe Cousteau, Jr.

Deepak Chopra in November 2006, speaking at Yahoo. Author: Mitchell Aidelbaum
Deepak Chopra in November 2006, speaking at Yahoo. Author: Mitchell Aidelbaum

New Age values are conscious evolution, a non-sectarian society, a non-military culture, global sharing, healing the environment, sustainable economies, self-determination, social justice, economic empowerment of the poor, love, compassion in action, going beyond religious fundamentalism, going beyond nationalism-extreme nationalism, culture.” Deepak Chopra.

Empower Others Quotes

Empower Quotes transform our lives when used as affirmations or deep reflective thought, as a source of inspiration and motivation.

Marie Curie. Author: Henri Manuel
Marie Curie.
Author: Henri Manuel

“You cannot hope to build a better world without improving the individuals. To that end each of us must work for his own improvement, and at the same time share a general responsibility for all humanity, our particular duty being to aid those to whom we think we can be most useful.” Marie Curie

You cannot plough a field by turning it over in your mind.” Anonymous.

He who hesitates is lost.” Proverb.

Fortune favors the brave.” Publius Terence.

Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.” Chinese proverb.

Nurture your mind with great thoughts, for you will never go any higher than you think.” Benjamin Disraeli.

First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do.” Epictetus.

Our greatness lies not so much in being able to remake the world as in being able to remake ourselves.” Mahatma Gandhi.

Men do less than they ought, unless they do all they can.” Thomas Carlyle.

We are still masters of our fate. We are still captains of our souls.” Winston Churchill.

Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Willing is not enough; we must do.” Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

Every artist was first an amateur.” Ralph Waldo Emerson.

Seek the lofty by reading, hearing and seeing great work at some moment every day.” Thornton Wilder.

Calvin Coolidge. Source: US National Archives & Records Administration (NARA)
Calvin Coolidge. Source: US National Archives & Records Administration (NARA)

Nothing in this world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not: nothing is more common than unsuccessful men with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education will not: the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent.” Calvin Coolidge.

The Benefits of Empowerment

Oprah Winfrey at the White House for the 2010 Kennedy Center Honors
Oprah Winfrey at the White House for the 2010 Kennedy Center Honors

“What I learned at a very early age was that I was responsible for my life. And as I became more spiritually conscious, I learned that we all are responsible for ourselves, that you create your own reality by the way you think and therefore act. You cannot blame apartheid, your parents, your circumstances, because you are not your circumstances. You are your possibilities. If you know that, you can do anything.” Oprah Winfrey

People are in control of their own lives and destinies, decision-making, more innovative and more willing to take the initiative to solve problems on our own. They feel like they are impacting their group or community for the better. Their individual performance becomes part of a team working together for the common good of all concerned.

Participation is readily embraced as there is a spirit and atmosphere of shared accomplishment. The result is a more enhanced society. Management from top to bottom involving Government, non-government organizations, relevant agencies such as health care, utilities, and businesses are all united together in an effort to prosper human lives.

In every area of living, there is care for the environment, and being each others keeper. People show appreciation for one another and their achievement. The empowerment mind-set is tremendous. It affects everyone. Best of all, we can learn more and be thus more empowered, for empowerment is a skill and can be learned.

Our self-esteem grows, we become more confident to handle greater challenges in life. We can surmount the highest peaks, our lofty goals and gain satisfaction in a life well-lived as we inhabit this planet – earth – our universe.

What is Art?

The Definition of Art

What Is Art? Art Is What We Create

Each of us thinks of art and enjoys art in our own unique ways. However, art is so varied and means different things to so many of us.

Definitions of art are:

  • The making of objects, images, music, etc. that are beautiful or that express feelings.
  • Skill acquired by experience, study, or observation. A branch of learning, like one of the humanities.
  • The conscious use of skill and creative imagination especially in the production of aesthetic objects.
  • Art is the activity or educational subject that consists of creating paintings, sculptures, and other pictures or objects for people to look at and admire or think deeply about.

What is art? ART is the expression or application of human creative skill and imagination, the various branches of creative activity, such as PAINTING, SCULPTURE, MUSIC, LITERATURE, DANCE…

The Various Branches of Creative Activity

Our Activities such as when we Create, Work, Build, Design, Construct, Draw, Form, Generate, Invent, Make, Organize, Plan, Produce, Shape, Sculpt, Author, Compose, Paint, Decorate, Fashion, Formulate, Play, Dance, Write, Originate, Perform, Sing, Cook, etc.

Major Constituents of the Arts Include

Literary Arts (Literature) including Drama, Poetry, and Prose

US writer Harper Lee (To Kill a Mockingbird) during Medal of Freedom ceremony at the White House
US writer Harper Lee (To Kill a Mockingbird) during Medal of Freedom ceremony at the White House

Performing Arts – Is that form of art which includes Dance, Music, Theater, Opera, Films, Drama, and Shows. It is the most popular, recognizable, acknowledged, and appreciated form of art.

Michael Jackson 2nd June 1988. "Wiener Stadion" venue in Vienna, Austria. Author: Zoran Veselinovic
Michael Jackson 2nd June 1988. “Wiener Stadion” venue in Vienna, Austria. Author: Zoran Veselinovic

Visual Arts – Is a form of art that uses any medium to signify the artist’s idea, sentiment and imagination. Examples include Architecture, Ceramics, Conceptual art, Drawing, Painting, Photography, and Sculpture.

The Mona Lisa, by Leonardo da Vinci, is one of the most recognizable paintings in the world.
The Mona Lisa, by Leonardo da Vinci, is one of the most recognizable paintings in the world.

Applied art is a portion of visual art and it can be defined as art that has real-world application as well as functionality. Examples of applied art: Architecture, Fashion Design, Wood Crafts, Interior Design.

Fashion Designer Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel, 1920. Author: Time / Getty
Fashion Designer Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel, 1920. Author: Time / Getty

Art as a Form of Communication

Art was developed from the beginning of time as a form of communication.

Composite image of petroglyphs from Scandinavia (Häljesta, Västmanland in Sweden). Nordic Bronze Age. The glyphs have been painted to make them more visible.
Composite image of petroglyphs from Scandinavia (Häljesta, Västmanland in Sweden). Nordic Bronze Age. The glyphs have been painted to make them more visible.

From cliff drawings, petroglyphs, they were used to convey what primitive man wanted to say.

Besides signs, sounds started to be used to somewhat communicate with others around. Thus language in its earliest form was developing.

Language was written as drawings sketches. Then simple sounds became simple words. Words ultimately could be written as words, not just drawings. So sounds and words evolved to this day as Literature. The many forms of the written words. Philosophy, notes, letters, short stories, books, etc.

The sound of words was also music. Singing was the earliest form of music. Instruments were made from earthen materials. What we have now as wind, drum, etc.

Well-known Literary Artists

Literary Artists as authors, novelists, poets, playwrights, storytellers, and other writers produce their written classics in countless books, poems, plays, dramas, essays, letters, dialogues, and various writings.

Agatha Christie in 1925
Agatha Christie in 1925

A. A. Milne (Winnie-the-Pooh), Aeschylus (Oresteia, The Persians, Seven Against Thebes), Aesop (Aesop’s Fables), Agatha Christie (Murder on the Orient Express, The Murder of Roger Ackroyd, Death on the Nile, The Murder at the Vicarage, Partners In Crime, The ABC Murders, And Then There Were None, The Mousetrap), Albert Camus (The Stranger, The Myth of Sisyphus, The Rebel, The Plague), Aldous Huxley was also a screenplay writer (Brave New World), Aleksandr Pushkin (Eugene Onegin, The Captain’s Daughter), Alexander Pope (Essay on Criticism, The Rape of the Lock, The Dunciad), Alexandre Dumas (The Three Musketeers, The Count of Monte Cristo).

Alfred, Lord Tennyson, portrait by P. Krämer
Alfred, Lord Tennyson, portrait by P. Krämer

Alfred, Lord Tennyson (The Beggar Maid, A number of phrases from Tennyson’s work have become commonplaces of the English language, including “‘Tis better to have loved and lost / Than never to have loved at all”, “Theirs not to reason why, / Theirs but to do and die”, “My strength is as the strength of ten, / Because my heart is pure”, “To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield”, “Knowledge comes, but Wisdom lingers”, and “The old order changeth, yielding place to new”.), Astrid Lindgren (Pippi Longstocking Series), August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben (Das Lied der Deutschen), Bram Stoker (Dracula).

The Brothers Grimm: Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm
The Brothers Grimm: Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm

Brothers Grimm (Cinderella, The Frog Prince, Hansel and Gretel, Rumpelstiltskin, Sleeping Beauty, Snow White, Children’s and Household Tales), C. S. Lewis (The Chronicles of Narnia, Mere Christianity, The Allegory of Love, The Screwtape Letters, The Space Trilogy), Charles Dickens (Oliver Twist, A Christmas Carol, David Copperfield, A Tale of Two Cities, Great Expectations, The Pickwick Papers), Charles Kingsley (The Last Buccaneer), Christian Friedrich Hebbel (Die Nibelungen), Daniel Defoe (Robinson Crusoe, Moll Flanders), Derek Walcott (Omeros, Dream on Monkey Mountain, White Egrets).

Portrait of Charles Dickens by Francis Alexander, 1842
Portrait of Charles Dickens by Francis Alexander, 1842

Dr. Seuss real name – Theodor Seuss “Ted” Geisel (The Cat in the Hat, How the Grinch Stole Christmas!, Green Eggs and Ham), Edgar Allan Poe (The Fall of the House of Usher, The Tell-Tale Heart, The Raven), Emily Dickinson (Thomas H. Johnson published The Poems of Emily Dickinson in 1955 – her hidden works after she died), Ernest Hemingway (The Old Man and the Sea, For Whom the Bell Tolls, A Farewell to Arms, To Have and Have Not), Euripides (Collectibles – Plays: Euripides Electra), F. Scott Fitzgerald (This Side of Paradise, The Beautiful and Damned, The Great Gatsby, Tender Is the Night, The Last Tycoon).

Photograph of F. Scott Fitzgerald c. 1921, appearing "The World's Work" (June 1921 issue)
Photograph of F. Scott Fitzgerald c. 1921, appearing “The World’s Work” (June 1921 issue)

Friedrich Nietzsche (Thus Spoke Zarathustra, On the Genealogy of Morality), Friedrich Schiller (Ode to Joy), Gabriel García Márquez (One Hundred Years of Solitude, The Autumn of the Patriarch, Love in the Time of Cholera), Geoffrey Chaucer (The Canterbury Tales, The House of Fame, The Book of the Duchess), George Eliot was the pen name for Mary Anne Evans (The Mill on the Floss, Silas Marner, Middlemarch), George Gordon Byron (Don Juan), George Orwell real name was Eric Arthur Blair (Animal Farm, Nineteen Eighty-Four), Gustave Flaubert (Madame Bovary).

George Orwell pen name for Eric Arthur Blair. Attribution: Branch of the National Union of Journalists
George Orwell pen name for Eric Arthur Blair. Attribution: Branch of the National Union of Journalists

H. G. Wells (The Time Machine, The Island of Doctor Moreau, The Invisible Man), H. P. Lovecraft (The Rats in the Walls, The Call of Cthulhu, At the Mountains of Madness), Hans Christian Andersen (The Little Mermaid, The Ugly Duckling, The Emperor’s New Clothes, The Nightingale), Harper Lee (To Kill a Mockingbird), Heinrich von Veldeke (The Life of Saint Servatius), Henrik Ibsen (The Works of Henrik Ibsen), Henry David Thoreau (Walden, Civil Disobedience), Herman Melville (Moby-Dick or The Whale)Hermann Hesse (The Glass Bead Game, Siddhartha, Steppenwolf, Narcissus and Goldmund, Demian).

J.K. Rowling reads from Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone at the Easter Egg Roll at White House. Author: Daniel Ogren
J.K. Rowling reads from Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone at the Easter Egg Roll at White House. Author: Daniel Ogren

Homer (Iliad, Odyssey), Honoré de Balzac (Pere Goriot), Isaac Asimov (Foundation series, Galactic Empire series, Robot series), Jamaica Kincaid (A Small Place, Lucy), J. D. Salinger (The Catcher in the Rye), J. K. Rowling (Harry Potter series), Jack London (The Call of the Wild, White Fang), James Joyce (Ulysses), Jane Austen (Pride and Prejudice, Sense and Sensibility, Mansfield Park, Emma), Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (Faust, The Sorrows of Young Werther, Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship, Elective Affinities, Prometheus).

John Grisham in 2009. Attribution: BJTJ1
John Grisham in 2009.
Attribution: BJTJ1

John Grisham (The Firm, The Chamber, The Client, A Painted House, The Pelican Brief, The Rainmaker, The Runaway Jury, Skipping Christmas, and A Time to Kill), John Keats (The Complete Poems by John Keats, The Letters of John Keats), John Milton (Paradise Lost), John Steinbeck (Of Mice and Men, The Grapes of Wrath, East of Eden), Jonathan Swift (Gulliver’s Travels), Jorge Luis Borges (Fictions, The Aleph), Joseph Conrad (The Nigger of the ‘Narcissus’, Heart of Darkness), Jules Verne (Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea, Journey to the Center of the Earth, From the Earth to the Moon, Around the World in Eighty Days), Kurt Vonnegut (Slaughterhouse-Five, Cat’s Cradle, Breakfast of Champions).

"Leo Tolstoy in Yasnaya Polyana", 1908, the first color photo portrait in Russia. Author: Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky
“Leo Tolstoy in Yasnaya Polyana”, 1908, the first color photo portrait in Russia. Author: Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky

Leo Tolstoy (War and Peace, Anna Karenina, The Kingdom of God Is Within You), Leonardo da Vinci (The Notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci), Lewis Carroll (Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Through the Looking-Glass), Lord Byron (Don Juan, She Walks in Beauty, Manfred, Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage), Louisa May Alcott (Little Women, Little Men, Jo’s Boys), Marcel Proust (In Search of Lost Time), Mark Twain (Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer), Mary Shelley (Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus), Miguel de Cervantes (Don Quixote), Molière (Tartuffe), Nathaniel Hawthorne (The Scarlet Letter), Nikolai Gogol (Dead Souls), Oscar Wilde (The Importance of Being Earnest, The Picture of Dorian Gray).

Louisa May Alcott
Louisa May Alcott

Ovid (Metamorphoses), Plato (The Republic, Gorgias, Phaedo), Ralph Waldo Emerson (Self-Reliance and Other Essays), Ray Bradbury (Fahrenheit 451, The Martian Chronicles, The Illustrated Man, and I Sing the Body Electric), Richard Lovelace (To Althea, from Prison; To Lucasta, Going to the Warres), Roald Dahl (the writer of the performed scripts – Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory, Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, You Only Live Twice), Robert Frost (A Boy’s Will, North of Boston), Robert Louis Stevenson (Treasure Island, A Child’s Garden of Verses, Kidnapped, Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, The Black Arrow: A Tale of the Two Roses, The Master of Ballantrae), Rudyard Kipling (The Jungle Book, Just So Stories, Kim, Captains Courageous).

Photograph of Robert Louis Stevenson. Author: Henry Walter Barnett
Photograph of Robert Louis Stevenson. Author: Henry Walter Barnett

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, “Kubla Khan”, Christabel), Samuel Beckett (Waiting for Godot), Salman Rushdie (Midnight’s Children, The Satanic Verses), Socrates (Socratic method, Socratic concepts), Sophocles (Ajax, Antigone, Oedipus Rex, Electra, Oedipus at Colonus), Søren Kierkegaard (Fear and Trembling, Diary of a Seducer, Repetition), Stephen King (Pet Sematary, Salem’s Lot, The Green Mile, The Shining), T. S. Eliot (The Waste Land), Thomas à Kempis (The Imitation of Christ), Thomas Mann (Death in Venice), Victor Hugo (Les Misérables, The Hunchback of Notre-Dame), Virgil full name Publius Vergilius Maro (Aeneid, Georgics),Virginia Woolf (To the Lighthouse, Mrs. Dalloway).

Stephen King at the Harvard Book Store. Author: bunkosquad / Michael Femia
Stephen King at the Harvard Book Store. Author: bunkosquad / Michael Femia

Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov also known by the pen name Vladimir Sirin (Lolita, The Defense), Voltaire – real name François-Marie Arouet (Zaïre, The Age of Louis XIV, Candide), V. S. Naipaul (A House for Mr Biswas, The Mystic Masseur, Miguel Street, In a Free State), Walt Whitman (Leaves of Grass), William Butler Yeats (The Collected Poems of W. B. Yeats, Eleven Plays of William Butler Yeats), William Faulkner (A Fable, The Reivers, Fiction, The Sound and the Fury, As I Lay Dying, Light in August, A Rose for Emily).

William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (Romeo and Juliet, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Merchant of Venice, Much Ado About Nothing, Henry V, Richard III, Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, Macbeth, Julius Caesar, The Tempest, 1 Henry IV), William Wordsworth (Lyrical Ballads, The Excursion, The Prelude, I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud).

The Development of Performance Art

The development of Performance Art from Plays, Music to Opera with Music, Theatre Shows on Broadway, and then came Silent Movies, followed by Movies with sound on the Silver Screen. All the different aspects of Art became intertwined and intersperse. Radio was developed as a news and entertainment programming medium. Television soon followed with television or tv shows and weekly series and films. Television networks, cable channels grew.

Now we have the internet – the world wide web. YouTube videos and channels are watched by millions of people every day. There is Streaming music, streaming live videos and shows. All the performing arts are still evolving in apps (computer programs and applications) on computers, tablets, and smartphones. Now there are VR -virtual reality devices and art is evolving through these devices and media as time unfolds.

Music

Primitive music, or prehistoric music is followed by ancient music as folk, indigenous or traditional music. It is probable that the first musical instrument was the human voice itself.

Periods and eras of Western classical music: Medieval (c. 500–1400), Renaissance (c. 1400–1600), Baroque (c. 1600–1760), Classical (c. 1730–1820), Romantic (c. 1780–1910), Impressionist (c. 1890–1925), Expressionist (c. 1908–1950), Modern (c. 1890–1975), Postmodern (c. 1930–present), Contemporary (c. 1945–present).

Church of the Monastery of Tibães, Portugal: antiphonary in the high choir. Author: Alvesgaspar
Church of the Monastery of Tibães, Portugal: antiphonary in the high choir. Author: Alvesgaspar

Gregorian Chant – “Dies Irae” YouTube Video

Medieval music that survived from before 800 to the present day is the plainsong liturgical music of the Roman Catholic Church, the largest part of which is called Gregorian chant. Famous Renaissance music composers included Andrea and Giovanni, as well as Claudio Monteverdi, one of the most significant innovators at the end of the era. Well-known music composers from the Baroque era include Johann Sebastian Bach, George Frideric Handel, Claudio Monteverdi, and Antonio Vivaldi. The Classical Music period featured composers such as Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven and Franz Schubert. Famous Romantic music composers include Schumann, Chopin, Mendelssohn, Bellini, Berlioz, Johann Strauss II, Brahms, Liszt, Tchaikovsky, Verdi, Wagner, Dvořák, Mahler, Richard Strauss, Puccini, Sibelius, Grieg, and Rachmaninoff.

Arnold Schoenberg, 1927, by Man Ray
Arnold Schoenberg, 1927, by Man Ray

Arnold Schönberg – String Quartet No. “0” in D major (1897) YouTube Video

Our 20th and 21st-century music involved that of Arnold Schoenberg and that of Igor Stravinsky initially. Music composers Arnold Schoenberg and Anton Webern lay the foundation for the experimental techniques of other artist like Karlheinz Stockhausen. And in America, composers like John Cage, Philip Glass, and Steve Reich, fashioned their own ideas and became noted for their innovations in music.

Composer Philip Glass, Florence 1993. Author: Pasquale Salerno
Composer Philip Glass, Florence 1993. Author: Pasquale Salerno

Philip Glass – Glassworks (complete) YouTube Video

20s Music

Rudy Vallee - Screenland, Jan. 1930
Rudy Vallee – Screenland, Jan. 1930

I’m Just a Vagabond Lover (1929) Rudy Vallee YouTube Video

Popular in the Twenties included the music of dance bands Rudy Vallee, Paul Whiteman and his Orchestra, the Fletcher Henderson Orchestra, Ben Bernie and his Orchestra, and the Nat Shilkret Orchestra. Popular Jazz Musicians were Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Benny Goodman, Fats Waller, Count Basie. Blues musicians included Ma Rainey, Bessie Smith, Mamie Smith, Blind Lemon Jefferson, Lonnie Johnson, Jimmie Rodgers, and popular Broadway stars were Eddie Cantor, and Al Jolson. Some of the most popular dances of the time were the “Charleston,” the “Black Bottom,” the “Shimmy,” the “Foxtrot,” and the “Lindy Hop”.

Louis Armstrong bezoekt Amsterdam. Author: Herbert Behrens / Anefo
Louis Armstrong bezoekt Amsterdam. Author: Herbert Behrens / Anefo

Louis Armstrong – Hello Dolly YouTube Video

Broadway musicals which originated in the theatrical Broadway area of New York City became a place where talented performers, composers, writers, and musicians gathered to create new art together. Composers such as George and Ira Gershwin, Cole Porter, and Irving Berlin thrived in their creation of this form of musical theater. And then some of these composers works were developed into musical films or Musicals like Show Boat.

George Gershwin, 28 March 1937. Photographer: Carl Van Vechten
George Gershwin, 28 March 1937. Photographer: Carl Van Vechten

An american in Paris – I got Rhythm YouTube Video

30s Music

Glenn Miller
Glenn Miller

Glenn Miller – Chattanooga Choo Choo (remastered) – Sun Valley Serenade (1941) HQ YouTube Video

Swing and Big Band became prominent throughout the 1930s and the 1940s as Jazz music evolved into some of these different styles. Popular in the 1930s were Cole Porter, Irving Berlin, Jerome Kern, George Gershwin, Ira Gershwin, Richard Rodgers, Lorenz Hart, Oscar Hammerstein II, Fred Astaire, Ginger Rogers, Eddie Cantor, Shirley Temple, Dick Powell, Betty Grable, Irene Dunne, Johnny Mercer, Mae West, Cab Calloway, Benny Goodman, Duke Ellington, Artie Shaw, Louis Armstrong, Glenn Miller, Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday, Count Basie, Jimmy Dorsey, Tommy Dorsey, Bing Crosby, Rudy Vallee, Fred Astaire, Perry Como, Russ Columbo, Johnny Mercer, Nat King Cole, Frank Sinatra, Hoagy Carmichael, Eddie Cantor.

Frank Sinatra Metronome magazine November 1950
Frank Sinatra Metronome magazine November 1950

Frank Sinatra – Fly Me To The Moon (Live At The Kiel Opera House, St. Louis, MO/1965) YouTube Video

40s Music

Crosby and Marjorie Reynolds in Holiday Inn (1942)
Crosby and Marjorie Reynolds in Holiday Inn (1942)

Bing Crosby – White Christmas (1950) YouTube Video

Some of the favorites in the 1940s were Judy Garland, Bob Hope, Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra, Al Jolson, Glenn Miller, Irving Berlin, Fred Astaire, Lucille Ball, Dinah Shore, Glenn Miller, Tommy Dorsey, Jimmy Dorsey, Harry James, Benny Goodman, Count Basie, Ella Fitzgerald, Les Brown, Peggy Lee, Fletcher Henderson, Perry Como, Dean Martin, Gene Autry, Roy Rogers, Red Foley, Tex Williams, Eddy Arnold, The Carter Sisters, Hank Williams, Carmen Miranda, Tito Puente, Perez Prado.

Perez Prado- Latino! Attribution: Christo Drummkopf
Perez Prado- Latino! Attribution: Christo Drummkopf

Cherry Pink And Apple Blossom White – Pérez Prado YouTube Video

50s Music

Photo of Ray Charles in one of his classic poses at the piano.
Photo of Ray Charles in one of his classic poses at the piano.

Ray Charles – What’d I Say LIVE YouTube Video

The 1950s heralded the rise of Rhythm & Blues (R&B) and Rock ‘n’ Roll music. Popular among the Rhythm & Blues music were Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers, Sam Cooke, Ray Charles, The Drifters, Fats Domino, The Platters, James Brown, and Lloyd Price. For Rock ‘n’ Roll Musicians there were Elvis Presley, Chuck Berry, Jerry Lee Lewis, Little Richard, Chubby Checker, Billy Haley & the Comets, Buddy Holly, Carl Perkins, Bobby Darin, Ritchie Valens, Roy Orbison, and Gene Vincent.

Photo of Bill Haley and his Comets.
Photo of Bill Haley and his Comets.

Bill Haley & His Comets – Rock Around The Clock (1955) HD YouTube Video

Popular 50s pop artists included Perry Como, Tony Bennett, Nat King Cole, Patti Page, Dean Martin, Ella Fitzgerald, Frank Sinatra, Peggy Lee, Doris Day, Johnny Mathis, Andy Williams, Frankie Laine, Andrews Sisters, and Pat Boone. Country stars included Johnny Cash, Gene Autry, Hank Williams, Conway Twitty, Patsy Cline, The Everly Brothers, June Carter Cash, and Les Paul.

Presley signing autographs in Minneapolis in 1956
Presley signing autographs in Minneapolis in 1956

Elvis Presley Heatrbreak Hotel Live (1956) YouTube Video

60s Music

Bob Dylan with Joan Baez during the civil rights "March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom", August 28, 1963. Author: Rowland Scherman
Bob Dylan with Joan Baez during the civil rights “March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom”, August 28, 1963. Author: Rowland Scherman

Blowing In The Wind (Live On TV, March 1963) YouTube Video

The 60s music morphed into folk music, singers-songwriters with stars such as Bob Dylan, The Byrds, Peter, Paul and Mary, Simon & Garfunkel, The Mamas & the Papas, Crosby, Stills & Nash, Cat Stevens, Buffalo Springfield, and Pete Seeger. Rock music included The Rolling Stones, The Doors, The Beatles, The Band, Creedence Clearwater Revival, The Beach Boys, The Jimi Hendrix Experience, Janis Joplin, Jefferson Airplane, Cream, Pink Floyd, The Yardbirds, The Who, Deep Purple, Led Zeppelin, Steppenwolf, and The Animals.

Photograph of The Beatles as they arrive in New York City in 1964
Photograph of The Beatles as they arrive in New York City in 1964

The Beatles – I Want To Hold Your Hand – Performed Live On The Ed Sullivan Show 2/9/64 YouTube Video

Some popular Motown and 60’s R&B artists include Smokey Robinson and the Miracles, Diana Ross and the Supremes, The Temptations, The Marvelettes, The Four Tops, Stevie Wonder, Marvin Gaye, Aretha Franklin, Jackson Five, Gladys Knight & the Pips, and The Spinners. Then there was the Woodstock music festival in August 1969 held over 3 days, northwest of New York City, which drew an audience of more than 400,000 people.

Publicity photo of the music group The Supremes from the television program w:The Ed Sullivan Show. L-R: Florence Ballard, Mary Wilson, and Diana Ross.
Publicity photo of the music group The Supremes from the television program w:The Ed Sullivan Show. L-R: Florence Ballard, Mary Wilson, and Diana Ross.

The Supremes – Baby Love YouTube Video

70s Music

Publicity photo of the Bee Gees for the television special Billboard #1 Music Awards. Top to the bottom: Barry, Robin and Maurice.
Publicity photo of the Bee Gees for the television special Billboard #1 Music Awards. Top to the bottom: Barry, Robin and Maurice.

Bee Gees – I started a joke YouTube Video

Out of the 70s music scene emerged the short-lived Disco movement with acts such as Van McCoy, Gloria Gaynor, The Bee Gees, The Village People, K.C. and the Sunshine Band, Yvonne Elliman, Thelma Houston, Donna Summer, Chic, and ABBA. Included in this decade were the Singers and Songwriters Joni Mitchell, Carly Simon, Elton John, Carole King and Billy Joel. Other 70s music included The Carpenters, Three Dog Night, George Harrison, Bill Withers, Neil Young, Al Green, Barbara Streisand, Glen Campbell, and The Eagles.

ABBA in AVRO's TopPop (Dutch television show) in 1974
ABBA in AVRO’s TopPop (Dutch television show) in 1974

ABBA Dancing Queen Live 1977 YouTube Video

The 70s Rock mucic included Pink Floyd, Jethro Tull, Rush, Queen, Grand Funk Railroad, Kansas, Electric Light Orchestra (ELO), Genesis, Emerson, Lake & Palmer, The Ramones, The Sex Pistols, The Cars, Blondie, Talking Heads, David Bowie, and Patti Smith. 1970s Soul and Funk music featured artists like James Brown, Sly and the Family Stone, Kool and the Gang, Earth, Wind and Fire, Rufus & Chaka Khan, The Isley Brothers, The Commodores, The Jackson 5, and Chic.

James Brown — performing in the Musikhalle of Hamburg, in February 1973. Author: Heinrich Klaffs
James Brown — performing in the Musikhalle of Hamburg, in February 1973. Author: Heinrich Klaffs

James Brown – Good Foot (Rare) YouTube Video

80s Music

Michael Jackson with two fans at the Kahala Hilton Hotel. Photograph by Alan Light, early February 1988
Michael Jackson (with two fans) at the Kahala Hilton Hotel. Photograph by Alan Light, early February 1988

Michael Jackson – Billie Jean live first time moonwalk YouTube Video

Music in the 1980s saw the advent and popularity of MTV Hip Hop and Rap with Run DMC, LL Cool J, Beastie Boys, Salt-n-Pepa, Kurtis Blow, Public Enemy, and Ice-T. Pop stars in the 80s included Madonna, Michael Jackson, Diana Ross, Cher, Lionel Richie, Tina Turner, Paul McCartney, Cyndi Lauper, Prince, Janet Jackson, Whitney Houston, Hall & Oates, David Bowie, Bruce Springsteen, John Mellencamp, Kenny Rogers, Phil Collins, Men at Work, Survivor, Rick Springfield, George Michael, New Kids on the Block, Debbie Gibson, Wham!, Duran Duran, Blondie, A Flock of Seagulls, The Cars, The B-52s, The Go-Gos, Depeche Mode, The Police, Billy Idol, Spandeau Ballet, The Bangles, Billy Idol, the Talking Heads, Culture Club, Twisted Sister, Motley Crue, Skid Row, Metallica, Bon Jovi, Van Halen, Aerosmith, Def Leppard, Guns n’ Roses, and Poison.

Madonna during The Virgin Tour of 1985. Photo courtesy of Bill Lanphier
Madonna during The Virgin Tour of 1985. Photo courtesy of Bill Lanphier

Madonna – Like A Virgin (MTV Awards 1984) YouTube Video

90s Music

Kurt Cobain (front) and Krist Novoselic (left) live at the 1992 MTV Video Music Awards. Author: P.B. Rage from USA
Kurt Cobain (front) and Krist Novoselic (left) live at the 1992 MTV Video Music Awards. Author: P.B. Rage from USA

Nirvana – Smells Like Teen Spirit YouTube Video

1990s music consisted of more Hip hop, House and Techno. New Electronic Dance music genres developed. Rock and Alternative Rock was popular with such acts as Nirvana, Jethro Tull, The Red Hot Chili Peppers, Pearl Jam, AND R.E.M.. The Singer-Songwriter movement continued with artists like Alanis Morissette, Sheryl Crow, Norah Jones, Sarah McLachlan, Jewel, and Natalie Merchant. Also in the 1990s, artists with new acoustic-based rock styles included Dave Matthews, Shania Twain, Bryan Adams, Elliott Smith, and Melissa Etheridge.

Sheryl Crow at B. B. King's, Memphis, TN. Author: Kay Schanuel/Smays
Sheryl Crow at B. B. King’s, Memphis, TN. Author: Kay Schanuel/Smays

Sheryl Crow – All I Wanna Do (Official Video) YouTube

In 1990s Pop music scene included Michael Jackson, Spice Girls, Backstreet Boys, Britney Spears, Christina Aguilera, *NSYNC, 98 Degrees, Jessica Simpson, Mandy Moore, Jennifer Lopez, Destiny’s Child, Madonna, Cyndi Lauper, Janet Jackson, Céline Dion, Mariah Carey, Whitney Houston, Boyz II Men, Shakira, Jennifer Lopez, Enrique Iglesias, Ricky Martin, Robbie Williams, Ace of Base, George Michael, Robert Palmer, Sade, Sinéad O’Connor, The Cranberries, Lisa Stansfield, Roxette, Los del Río.

Britney Spears, Carson, California on May 11, 2013 - Photo by Glenn Francis of www.PacificProDigital.com
Britney Spears, Carson, California on May 11, 2013 – Photo by Glenn Francis of www.PacificProDigital.com

Britney Spears – Baby One More Time YouTube Video

Popular 90s American contemporary R&B artists included TLC, Faith Evans, Lauryn Hill, Sade, En Vogue, Toni Braxton, Mary J. Blige, Vanessa Williams, Usher, Aaliyah, Keith Sweat, R. Kelly, Brandy, Monica, Tevin Campbell and Babyface. Hip hop and Rap Music of the 90s included Dr. Dre, ,Lauryn Hill, Queen Latifah, Salt-N-Pepa, Missy Elliott, Lil Wayne, 2Pac, The Notorious B.I.G., Vanilla Ice, Ice Cube, Wu-Tang Clan, Snoop Doggy Dogg, Busta Rhymes, MC Hammer, OutKast, Will Smith and Jay Z.

Celine Dion during the promotion of Let's Talk About Love, 1998. Author: Linda Bisset
Celine Dion during the promotion of Let’s Talk About Love, 1998. Author: Linda Bisset

Céline Dion – It’s All Coming Back To Me Now YouTube Video

Country music in the 90s included acts such as Garth Brooks, Clint Black, Alan Jackson, Travis Tritt, Mary Chapin Carpenter, Lorrie Morgan, Trisha Yearwood, Diamond Rio, Brooks & Dunn, Billy Ray Cyrus, Shania Twain, LeAnn Rimes, Lee Ann Womack, Martina McBride, Kenny Chesney, Collin Raye, Faith Hill, Tim McGraw, Lonestar and Dixie Chicks.

MC Hammer, cropped from original image. (CC) Brian Solis
MC Hammer, cropped from original image. (CC) Brian Solis

MC Hammer – U Can’t Touch This YouTube Video

2000s in Music

Shania Twain, live in Wembley, UK. Author: David Swales
Shania Twain, live in Wembley, UK. Author: David Swales

Shania Twain – You’re Still The One YouTube Video

2000s in music saw the development of the internet, and media players such as iTunes, and music and video sharing websites such as Napster and YouTube, and musical acts such as *NSYNC, Backstreet Boys, Britney Spears, Christina Aguilera, Usher, Beyoncé, Rihanna, Justin Timberlake, Coldplay, Shakira, Radiohead, Eminem, OutKast, The Black Eyed Peas, 50 Cent, Kanye West, Nelly, Nas, Jay-Z, Snoop Dogg, Missy Elliott, Lil Kim, Lil Wayne, Ludacris

Janet Jackson performing at Royal Albert Hall. Author: NO3
Janet Jackson performing at Royal Albert Hall. Author: NO3

Janet Jackson – What Have You Done For Me Lately YouTube Video

Avril Lavigne, Michelle Branch, Kelly Clarkson, Alanis Morissette, Ashlee Simpson, Foo Fighters, Creed, Linkin Park, Bon Jovi, AC/DC, Guns N’ Roses, Metallica, Aerosmith, Jonas Brothers, Destiny’s Child, the Pussycat Dolls, Pink, Anastacia, Jennifer Lopez, Madonna, Lady Gaga, Cyndi Lauper, Alicia Keys, Norah Jones, Janet Jackson, Mary J. Blige, Robin Thicke, U2, 2000s Country music featured Carrie Underwood, Dixie Chicks, Lonestar, Martina McBride, Tim McGraw, Faith Hill, Taylor Swift, and Reba McEntire.

Jay-Z at a concert in 2006. Author: i am guilty
Jay-Z at a concert in 2006. Author: i am guilty

Alicia Keys & Jay Z – Empire State of Mind LIVE (HERE in Times Square) 2016 YouTube Video

List of Songwriters

Carole Bayer Sager, Carole King, Cynthia Weil and Barry Mann in December 2012. Author: Angela George
Carole Bayer Sager, Carole King, Cynthia Weil and Barry Mann in December 2012. Author: Angela George

Al Green, Allen Toussaint, Babyface, Barry Mann and Cynthia Weill, Bert Berns, Billy Joel, Björn Ulvaeus and Benny Andersson, Bob Dylan, Bob Marley, Bono and the Edge, Brian Wilson, Bruce Springsteen, Buddy Holly, Burt Bacharach and Hal David, Carole King and Gerry Goffin, Carole King, Cat Stevens, Chuck Berry, Cole Porter, Curtis Mayfield, Dan Penn, David Bowie, Doc Pomus and Mort Shuman, Dolly Parton, Don Henley and Glenn Frey, Don McLean, Donovan, Eddie Holland and Lamont Dozier and Brian Holland, Ellie Greenwich and Jeff Barry, Elton John and Bernie Taupin

Elton John with Bernie Taupin (left) in 1971. They have collaborated on more than 30 albums to date.
Elton John with Bernie Taupin (left) in 1971. They have collaborated on more than 30 albums to date.

Elvis Costello, Ewan MacColl, Fats Domino and Dave Barthomolew, Felice and Boudleaux Bryant, Freddie Mercury, George Harrison, Gordon Lightfoot, Hank Williams, Harry Nilsson, Isaac Hayes and David Porter, Jackson Browne, James Brown, James Taylor, Jay Z, Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, Jimi Hendrix, Jimmy Webb, Joan Baez, John Denver, John Fogerty, John Lennon, Johnny Cash, Joni Mitchell, Kate Bush, Kenny Gamble and Leon A. Huff, Kris Kristofferson, Leonard Cohen, Loretta Lynn, Lou Reed, Louis Jordan, Madonna, Marvin Gaye, Max Martin

Publicity photo of the Beatles with producer George Martin in the studio at Abbey Road. Only John Lennon, George Harrison and Paul McCartney are pictured.
Publicity photo of the Beatles with producer George Martin in the studio at Abbey Road. Only John Lennon, George Harrison and Paul McCartney are pictured.

Merle Haggard, Michael Jackson, Mick Jagger and Keith Richards, Neil Diamond, Neil Young, Nicholas Ashford and Valerie Simpson, Norman Whitfield and Barrett Strong, Otis Blackwell, Otis Redding, Patti Smith, Paul Anka, Paul McCartney, Paul Simon, Pete Townshend, Prince, R. Kelly, Randy Newman, Ray Charles, Ray Davies, Robbie Robertson, Robert Johnson, Sam Cooke, Sly Stone, Smokey Robinson, Stevie Wonder, The Bee Gees, Tom Petty, Tom T. Hall, Townes Van Zandt, Van Morrison, Walter Becker and Donald Fagen, Willie Dixon, Willie Nelson, Woody Guthrie.

Stevie Wonder in 1973
Stevie Wonder in 1973

Renowned Music Producers

Sir George Martin CBE. Taken at rehearsals for The Beatles LOVE show at The Mirage, Las Vegas. Author: Adamsharp
Sir George Martin CBE. Taken at rehearsals for The Beatles LOVE show at The Mirage, Las Vegas. Author: Adamsharp

The Popular list of Producers of Music include Arif Mardin, Babyface, Berry Gordy, Biddu, Bob Rock, Brian Eno, Brian Wilson, Chris Thomas, Daniel Lanois, David Foster, Dr. Dre, George Clinton, George Martin, Giorgio Moroder, J Dilla, Jeff Lynne, Jerry Wexler, Jim Steinman, Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, Jimmy Iovine, Jimmy Miller, Joe Meek, Max Martin, Mutt Lange, Narada Michael Walden, Nile Rodgers, Pete Rock, Phil Ramone, Phil Spector, Prince, Quincy Jones, Rick Rubin, Roy Thomas Baker, Sam Phillips, T Bone Burnett, Teo Macero, The Neptunes, Timbaland, Todd Rundgren, Tom Dowd, and Trevor Horn.

Quincy Jones in Venice in 1989. Author: Gorup de Besanez
Quincy Jones in Venice in 1989. Author: Gorup de Besanez

Plays

Chaucer as a pilgrim from the Ellesmere manuscript
Chaucer as a pilgrim from the Ellesmere manuscript

Art was performed by way of Plays in the early days by Geoffrey Chaucer (The Canterbury Tales, The House of Fame, The Book of the Duchess), and William Shakespeare (Romeo and Juliet, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Merchant of Venice, Much Ado About Nothing, Henry V, Richard III, Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, Macbeth, Julius Caesar, The Tempest, 1 Henry IV).

Silent Films (Movies)

Publicity poster for Charlie Chaplin's 1921 movie The Kid. Charlie Chaplin and Jackie Coogan.
Publicity poster for Charlie Chaplin’s 1921 movie The Kid. Charlie Chaplin and Jackie Coogan.

Some of the Silent Movies consisted 7th Heaven, Battleship Potemkin, City Lights, Flesh and the Devil, It, Lucky Star, Man with a Movie Camera, Metropolis, Modern Times, Nosferatu, Our Hospitality, Pandora’s Box, Safety Last!, Sherlock, Jr., Steamboat Bill, Jr., Sunrise, The Birth of a Nation, The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, The Cameraman, The Circus, The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, The General, The Gold Rush, The Kid, The Last Command, The Last Laugh, The Mark of Zorro, The Passion of Joan of Arc, The Phantom Carriage, The Phantom of the Opera, The Thief of Bagdad, The Wind, Variety, and Wings.

Silent Film (Movie) Stars

Lillian Gish, the "First Lady of the American Cinema", was a leading star in the silent era with one of the longest careers—1912 to 1987.
Lillian Gish, the “First Lady of the American Cinema”, was a leading star in the silent era with one of the longest careers—1912 to 1987.

Actors and Actresses of Silent Movies included Buster Keaton, Charlie Chaplin, Clara Bow, Douglas Fairbanks, Gloria Swanson, Greta Garbo, Harold Lloyd, Lillian Gish, Louise Brooks, Max Linder, Rudolph Valentino, and William S Hart.

Opera

Atlanta Opera's Lucia di Lammermoor Season 2011/12. Photographer: Tim Wilkerson for The Atlanta Opera
Atlanta Opera’s Lucia di Lammermoor Season 2011/12. Photographer: Tim Wilkerson for The Atlanta Opera

Opera originated in Italy at the end of the 16th century and is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers. Such a “work” is typically a collaboration between a composer and a librettist and incorporates a number of the performing arts, such as acting, scenery, costumes, and sometimes dance or ballet. The performance is typically given in an opera house, accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble, which since the early 19th century has been led by a conductor.

The Marriage of Figaro. Anonymous watercolour, 19th century: Scene from Mozart's opera Le nozze di Figaro.
The Marriage of Figaro. Anonymous watercolour, 19th century: Scene from Mozart’s opera Le nozze di Figaro.

Early Opera featured such Composers as George Frideric Handel. The most renowned figure of late 18th-century opera was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, most famous for his Italian operas like The Marriage of Figaro (Le nozze di Figaro), and The Magic Flute (Die Zauberflöte).

Set design for act "IV" (III as normally counted) of Giuseppe Verdi's Rigoletto. Author: Philippe Chaperon (1823-1906); Restored by Adam Cuerden
Set design for act “IV” (III as normally counted) of Giuseppe Verdi’s Rigoletto. Author: Philippe Chaperon (1823-1906); Restored by Adam Cuerden

The mid-to-late 19th century was a golden age of opera, led and dominated by Giuseppe Verdi in Italy and Richard Wagner in Germany. The popularity of opera continued with conductors like Giacomo Puccini and Richard Strauss in the early 20th century. The 20th century witnessed modern styles with Arnold Schoenberg, Igor Stravinsky (Neoclassicism), and Philip Glass and John Adams (Minimalism).

Photo of Lily Elsie in The Merry Widow, 1909
Photo of Lily Elsie in The Merry Widow, 1909

Some popular Operas through the centuries include: The Marriage of Figaro – Mozart Vienna, Austria, 1786; The Magic Flute – Mozart Vienna, Austria, 1791; The Barber of Seville – Gioachino Rossini Rome, Italy, 1816; Rigoletto – Giuseppe Verdi Venice, Italy, 1851; Don Carlo – Giuseppe Verdi Paris, France, 1867; Carmen – Georges Bizet Paris, France, 1875; Der Ring des Nibelungen – Richard Wagner Bayreuth, Germany, 1876; Tosca – Giacomo Puccini Rome, Italy, 1900; Tristan und Isolde – Richard Wagner Munich, Germany, 1865; La Bohème – Giacomo Puccini Turin, Italy, 1896; Madama Butterfly – Giacomo Puccini Milan, Italy, 1904; The Merry Widow – Franz Lehár Vienna, Austria, 1905; Porgy and Bess – George Gershwin New York, US, 1935.

Picture of Enrico Caruso with piano (pre-1923)
Picture of Enrico Caruso with piano (pre-1923)

Singers such as Enrico Caruso and Maria Callas became known to much wider audiences that went beyond the circle of opera fans with the rise of recording technology. For operas were also performed on radio and television. A number of major opera houses began to present live high-definition video transmissions of their performances in cinemas all over the world beginning in 2006. And since 2009, complete performances can be downloaded and are live streamed over the internet.

Maria Callas, ca 1955. Violletta. Author: Vanilafeel
Maria Callas, ca 1955. Violletta. Author: Vanilafeel

Radio

Fisher 500 AM/FM hi-fi receiver from 1959. Courtesy of Rusty Turner. Author: Gregory F. Maxwell
Fisher 500 AM/FM hi-fi receiver from 1959. Courtesy of Rusty Turner. Author: Gregory F. Maxwell

The use of early Radio broadcasting involved AM Radio – Amplitude Modulation and FM Radio Frequency Modulation. With Stereo FM broadcasting of radio becoming more dominant. Now we have broadcasting-satellite service better known as Satellite Radio. The first 2 Satellite Radio were Sirius Satellite Radio and XM Satellite Radio who joined together to form Sirius XM Radio.

2008 Pure One Classic digital radio. Author: Rhyshuw1
2008 Pure One Classic digital radio. Author: Rhyshuw1

A variety of new entertainment formats and genres such as plays, mystery serials, soap operas, quiz shows, talent shows, daytime and evening variety hours, situation comedies, play-by-play sports, children’s shows, cooking shows were created for Radio. These programs were later migrated to television. Since the early days of Radio, American commercial radio programming has shifted to more formats of news, talk, sports and music.

Logo of Sirius XM Radio
Logo of Sirius XM Radio

Theatre or Theater

Cover of Playbill magazine for the Broadway show My Fair Lady.
Cover of Playbill magazine for the Broadway show My Fair Lady.

Theatre or Theater is a form of fine art that uses a combination of live performers, including actors or actresses, singers, and dancers. This art-form represents a show or play before a live audience on a stage. The use of gestures, speech, song, music, and dance with artistic painted scenery and lighting add to this experience of theatre.

Photo from the "I Feel Pretty" musical number from West Side Story. Pictured from left: Elizabeth Taylor (Francesca), Carmen Gutierrez (Teresita), Marilyn Cooper (Rosalia), Carol Lawrence (Maria). Photo by Fred Fehl, New York.
Photo from the “I Feel Pretty” musical number from West Side Story. Pictured from left: Elizabeth Taylor (Francesca), Carmen Gutierrez (Teresita), Marilyn Cooper (Rosalia), Carol Lawrence (Maria). Photo by Fred Fehl, New York.

Modern theatre includes performances of plays and musical theatre. The art forms of ballet and opera are also theatre and use many conventions such as acting, costumes and staging. They were influential to the development of musical theatre.

Young Cosette sweeping: 1886 engraving for Victor Hugo's Les Miserables. Author: French illustrator Émile Bayard
Young Cosette sweeping: 1886 engraving for Victor Hugo’s Les Miserables. Author: French illustrator Émile Bayard

Famous musicals have included My Fair Lady (1956), West Side Story (1957), Hair (1967), A Chorus Line (1975), Les Misérables (1980), The Phantom of the Opera (1986), and more recently The Lion King (1997), and Hamilton (2015).

The Lion King logo. Creator: The Walt Disney Company
The Lion King logo. Creator: The Walt Disney Company

Popular Movies

Original theatrical release poster for the film Casablanca (1942)
Original theatrical release poster for the film Casablanca (1942)

Some of our most popular Movies on the Silver Screen include 2001: A Space Odyssey, A Streetcar Named Desire, Amadeus, American Graffiti, Annie, Apocalypse Now, Ben-Hur, Braveheart, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, Casablanca, Cinderella, Citizen Kane, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Dances with Wolves, Doctor Zhivago, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Forrest Gump, From Here to Eternity, Gladiator, Gone with the Wind, Good Will Hunting, It’s a Wonderful Life, Jaws, Jurassic Park, La dolce vita, Lawrence of Arabia, Monty Python and the Holy Grail, Mutiny on the Bounty, My Fair Lady, Network, Oklahoma, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, Psycho, Pulp Fiction, Raging Bull, Raiders of the Lost Ark.

Film poster for Gone with the Wind
Film poster for Gone with the Wind

Rebel Without a Cause, Rocky, Rosemary’s Baby, Saving Private Ryan, Schindler’s List, Shane, Singin’ in the Rain, Sleeping Beauty, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope, Sunset Blvd., Terms of Endearment, The Adventures of Robin Hood, The Bridge on the River Kwai, The Exorcist, The French Connection, The Godfather’ and ‘The Godfather Part II, The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, The Graduate, The Grapes of Wrath, The Green Mile, The Karate Kid, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, The Philadelphia Story, The Pianist, The Shawshank Redemption, The Silence of the Lambs, The Sound of Music, The Wizard of Oz, Titanic, To Kill a Mockingbird, Vertigo, West Side Story, and Yankee Doodle Dandy.

Christopher Plummer and Julie Andrews on location in Salzburg during the filming of The Sound of Music, 1964
Christopher Plummer and Julie Andrews on location in Salzburg during the filming of The Sound of Music, 1964

Popular Movie Directors

Screenshot of Cecil B. DeMille from the trailer for the film The Greatest Show on Earth
Screenshot of Cecil B. DeMille from the trailer for the film The Greatest Show on Earth

Some of our Renowned Directors of Movies include Alfred Hitchcock, Cecil B. DeMille, Charles Chaplin, David Zucker, Francis Ford Coppola, Franco Zeffirelli, Frank Capra, George Lucas, Ingmar Bergman, James Cameron, John Huston, John Landis, John Lasseter, Martin Scorsese, Mel Brooks, Michael Moore, Oliver Stone, Orson Welles, Quentin Tarantino, Robert Wise, Roman Polanski, Ron Howard, Spike Lee, Steven Spielberg, Sydney Pollack.

Ron Howard at the Cannes film festival. Author: Georges Biard
Ron Howard at the Cannes film festival. Author: Georges Biard

Early Television (TV) Shows

Publicity photo of the I Love Lucy cast: William Frawley (Fred Mertz), Desi Arnaz (Ricky Ricardo), Vivian Vance (Ethel Mertz), Lucille Ball (Lucy Ricardo).
Publicity photo of the I Love Lucy cast: William Frawley (Fred Mertz), Desi Arnaz (Ricky Ricardo), Vivian Vance (Ethel Mertz), Lucille Ball (Lucy Ricardo).

Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet, Bonanza, Dragnet, Father Knows Best, Gunsmoke, Have Gun – Will Travel, The Honeymooners, I Love Lucy, Lassie, Leave It To Beaver, The Lone Ranger, Make Room For Daddy, The Twilight Zone, The Andy Griffith Show, Dragnet

Publicity photo of Larry Hagman and Barbara Eden from I Dream of Jeannie
Publicity photo of Larry Hagman and Barbara Eden from I Dream of Jeannie

Batman, The Beverly Hillbillies, Bewitched, The Brady Bunch, The Dick Van Dyke Show, Flipper, Get Smart, Gilligan’s Island, Green Acres, Hawaii Five-O, Hogan’s Heroes, I Dream Of Jeannie, Marcus Welby M.D., Mission: Impossible, Mister Ed, My Three Sons, Star Trek.

Publicity photo of Leonard Nimoy and William Shatner as Mr. Spock and Captain Kirk from the television program Star Trek
Publicity photo of Leonard Nimoy and William Shatner as Mr. Spock and Captain Kirk from the television program Star Trek

Art Movements

An Art Movement is a Style of Art involving a specific common School of Thought, Philosophy, or Goal. It comprises a Group of Artists during a Period of Time, which can consist of a few Months, Years or Decades.

Art Periods

An Art Period is an Interval of Time in the Development and Process of the Work of an Artist, Groups of Artists, or Art Movement.

Renaissance c. 1300 – c. 1602
Renaissance to Neoclassicism c. 1520 – c. 1830
Romanticism 1790 – 1880
Romanticism to Modern Art 1803 – 1845
Modern Art 1860 – 1945
Contemporary Art 1946–Present

Art Periods and Popular Art Movements

Renaissance c. 1300 – c. 1602 Renaissance to Neoclassicism c. 1520 – c. 1830 (Baroque, Rococo, Neoclassicism); Romanticism 1790 – 1880 (Luminism – American art style, Romanticism, German Romanticism); Romanticism to Modern Art 1803 – 1845 (Photography, Realism)

Modern Art 1860 – 1945

Impressionism, American Impressionism, Luminism (Impressionism), American Realism, Analytic Cubism, Arts and Crafts Movement, Tonalism, Symbolism (arts), Russian Symbolism, Aesthetic Movement, Post-Impressionism, Neo-Impressionism, Art Nouveau, Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism, Art Deco, Futurism (arts), Dada, Surrealism, Concrete Art, Geometric Abstraction, Neo-Romanticism, American Scene Painting, Social Realism, Abstraction-Création, Abstract Expressionism, Action Painting, Color Field Painting, Lyrical Abstraction, Modernism, Neo-Classicism

Contemporary Art 1946–Present

Abstract Expressionism, Neo-Dada, Public Art, Retro Art, Serial Art, Abstract Illusionism, Art Photography, Body Art, Classical Realism, Conceptual Art, Earth Art, Hyperrealism, Internet Art, Land Art, Late Modernism, Neo-Expressionism, Neo-Figurative, Neo-Pop, Performance Art, Psychedelic Art, Sound Art, Pop Art, New RealismMinimalism , Video Art, Psychedelic Art, Conceptual Art

Graffiti, Junk Art, Performance Art, Op Art, Lyrical Abstraction, Process Art, Photorealism, Land Art, Post-Minimalism, Postmodern Art, Installation Art, Mail Art, Maximalism, Neo-Expressionism, Neoism, Street Art, Digital Art, Remodernism , Algorithmic Art, Computer Art, Computer Graphics, Electronic Art, Environmental Art, Internet Art, Neo-Minimalism, New Media Art, Pixel Art, Post-Postmodernism, Relational Art

Renowned Artists in Popular Art Movements 

Abstract Art: Wassily Kandinsky, Abstract Expressionism: Jackson Pollock, Action Painting: Willem de Kooning, Appropriation Art: Marcel Duchamp, Art Deco: Erté, Art Nouveau: Louis Comfort Tiffany, Baroque Art: Caravaggio, BioArt: Hunter Cole, Color Field: Mark Rothko, Conceptual Art: Sol LeWitt, Cubism: Pablo Picasso, Dada: Man Ray, Digital Art: David Em, Expressionism: Edvard Munch

Fauvist: Henri Matisse, Geometric abstraction: Piet Mondrian, Impressionist: Claude Monet, Installation Art: Christo and Jeanne-Claude, Internet Art: Aaron Koblin, Landscape Art: John Constable, Light Art: Dan Flavin, Mail Art: Ray Johnson, Minimalist Art: Donald Judd, Neo-Impressionism: Paul Signac, Neo-Figurative: Verónica Ruiz de Velasco, New Media Art: Ken Feingold, Op Art: Bridget Riley

Outsider Art: Howard Finster, Painting: Rembrandt van Rijn, Performance Art: Carolee Schneemann, Photography: Ansel Adams, Pointillism: Georges Seurat, Pop Art: Andy Warhol, Posters: Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Post-Impressionism: Vincent van Gogh, Realism: Ilya Repin, Renaissance Art: Michelangelo Buonarroti, Rococo: Antoine Watteau, Street Art: Banksy, Suprematism: Kazimir Malevich, Surrealism: Salvador Dalí, Video Art: Bill Viola

Conclusion

What is your own definition of art? What does art mean to you? What is art to you?

As you can see, Art is multi-faceted. Everyone adds their own meaning to art. For art is creativity. And we all creative beings by our thinking. Even if we are cooking our food and adding ingredients as we go along. That in essence is what is art. So continue creating, for you are creating art.

The world would be less without your creative or artistic contribution. This is your stamp, your legacy. Whether it be the spoken word, the written word, music, dance, new ideas, new media, it is all art. What is Art? Art is whatever we Create?

And the world is richer for your creativity – YOUR ART.

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