What is the Art of Design or Designing?

Alfons Mucha - F. Champenois Imprimeur-Éditeur
Alfons Mucha – F. Champenois Imprimeur-Éditeur

What is the Art of Design or Designing?

Welcome to the exciting, fantastic and wonderful world of the art of designing. Here we will explore this international and ongoing trend and trendsetters who shape this trade, and share some much needed resources to help you navigate this multifaceted industry.

And also to help you to learn more of this absorbing and intriguing revolutionizing force of human activity that affects all of our daily lives. Having said that, this industry, although very thrilling, will challenge you.

English: 1916 American ad for Woodbury soap; "A skin you love to touch". Author: A.J.Co.
English: 1916 American ad for Woodbury soap; “A skin you love to touch”. Author: A.J.Co.

However, if you are bold, brave and persistent, here you can forge ahead with purpose and determination, and show your mastery of this art-form. The rewards are tremendous, and so are the accomplishments, because it is stimulating and truly exhilarating! It is worth the ride and it will leave you breathless!

Rosenthal Tee and a model wearing Tee's final show piece<br /> Author: Jay Shaw
Rosenthal Tee and a model wearing Tee’s final show piece
Author: Jay Shaw

If you are an artist, who loves to design new things like fashion, you can captivate and dazzle people with colors and unique styles of your own. And by so doing, you can inspire and empower at the same time with your extraordinary craft. Here you can exercise and showcase your specific and unusual talent to the stratosphere.

Three Butterfly, by a 14-year-old girl, made by chalk and glue on kraft paper
Three Butterfly, by a 14-year-old girl, made by chalk and glue on kraft paper

Overall View of Design, Designing

Everyone designs who forges a series of steps aimed at changing their current conditions into desirable ones. The art of design or designing is a very important topic in the overall world of designing. For a galore of things are designed and need skills of their own to create. If we were to take a list of what we design, it will include everything to cars, product packaging to space rockets.

An iPod nano (4th generation), an industrially designed product. Courtesy Aconcagua
An iPod nano (4th generation), an industrially designed product. Courtesy Aconcagua

It will need scientists, artists, engineers, even mathematicians and statisticians to calculate the finest of details in order to arrive at a precise decision for some minute part in an assembly of products to work together in a product or engine part. It is mind blowing to think of the enormity of some projects and its design, from drawing, to actual production. And what about the amount of research that must go into the initial phases of such projects.

Definition, Meaning of Design, Designing

While the definition of design is fairly extensive, design has an innumerable of specifications that professionals apply in their particular fields.

The Royal Society of Arts in London is one of the first institutions supporting design management. Author: C. G. P. Grey
The Royal Society of Arts in London is one of the first institutions supporting design management. Author: C. G. P. Grey

First of all, what is the meaning of design or designing? The dictionary meaning of design or designing is:

Design is the skill of making plans or drawings for something, is also the way in which something is arranged or shaped, or a pattern used to decorate something.

Designing is the art of making plans or drawings for something (for example, a building or product, or a pattern used to decorate something), the way how it is to be made or be produced, and how it will work, look, and function.

  • To conceive and plan out in the mind.
  • To create, fashion, devise, contrive, execute, or construct according to plan.
  • The arrangement of elements or details in a product or work of art.
  • The creative art of executing aesthetic or functional designs.
  • The art or action of conceiving of and producing a plan or drawing of something before it is made.
  • Design is the process and art of planning and making detailed drawings of something.
  • To plan and make (something) artistically or skillfully.
  • The arrangement or pattern of elements or features of an artistic or decorative work.
  • A finished artistic or decorative creation.
  • The art of making designs or patterns.
  • The arrangement of parts, details, form, color, etc. so as to produce an artistic unit; artistic invention.
  • To plan and carry out, especially by artistic arrangement or in a skillful way.
  • A finished artistic work or decoration.
  • The art or process of making a drawing of something to show how you will make it or what it will look like.
  • Design is an applied art and engineering that integrates with technology.

Design Research Process

A designer’s sequence of activities is called a design process. Designers use creativity and their skill-set to generate the design solution.

Galbraith's Star Model of organizational design. Author: Mschatten
Galbraith’s Star Model of organizational design. Author: Mschatten

For a design research process to be undertaken, it will consist of a detailed plan, for the collection, specifications, or dimensions ascertained, and the analysis of the data.

So firstly, a plan of action is developed, data is collected about the procedure to be done. And after these steps are taken, there is the process of data analysis, and how to proceed with the choice or choices taken. Sometimes if it is feasible or possible, prototypes are then made to design specifications with a scale down model.

These are the steps in a basic, simplified research process:

  • What is the intended goal?
  • Prepare and formulate the research plan.
  • Collect applicable or pertinent data and information.
  • Analyze data and information collected.
  • Give a presentation, or an account or record of your investigation and your decision.
  • Proposed course of action. Development.
  • Implementation.

Design Examples

Graphic design - Secretary. Author: Elias Bara
Graphic design – Secretary. Author: Elias Bara

Here are some of Design/Designing Categories. Some examples provided after this list section.

Abstract, Advertising Material, Aircraft, Algorithm, App, Application, Applied Arts, Architectural, Art Deco, Art Nouveau, Automotive, Artist, Ballet, Biological, Bridge, Building, Carousel, Circuit Drawing, Clothing, Coats of Arms, Communication, Computer-aided, Computer Hardware, Computer Software, Coin, Conceptual, Configuration, Costume, Curriculum, Customer Experience, Magazines, Management, Schools, Thinking, Label, Dinnerware, Dress, Embroidery, Engineering (Engineering Drawings), Exhibition, Experience, Factory, Fashion, Flag, Floral, Furniture, Game, Golf Course, Graphic, Home, Industrial, Information (Information Architecture)

The Golden Book Gown made of recycled book pages. Author: Ryan Jude Novelline
The Golden Book Gown made of recycled book pages. Author: Ryan Jude Novelline

Here are some more of Design/Designing Categories. Some examples provided after this list section.

Instructional, Interaction, Interface, Interior, Jewelry, Kitchen, Landscape / Garden(Landscape Architecture), Learning, Lighting, Log Home, Logo, Market, Mechanical, Modernist, Model, Modular, Motion Graphic, Muppet, Museum, Naval, Newspaper, Opera, Organization, Packaging, Poster, Process, Product, Production, Prop, Puppet, Rail Transport, Roller Coaster, Scenic, Service, Set, Sewing Patterns, Sound, Spatial, Stage, Stamp, Strategic, Streetcar, Stubs‎, Surfboard, Sustainable (Environmentally Sustainable, Environmentally Conscious), System, Systems Architecture, Systems Modeling, Textile, Theatre, Tool, Toy, Typography (Font), Urban, User Experience (which frequently includes mobile application), User Interface, Visual, Web, Wedding Dress, Window Dressers, Yacht

Designers

Designers – people who work in their various design fields with creativity and ideas.
Examples of some Designers in their respective fields.

Aircraft Designers

Aircraft designers and or aeronautical engineers create, conceptualize, produce, upgrade or make better flying or aerial vehicles. They use up-to-date resources whether it be materials, and systems and processes to do so.

Colorado Springs Hot Air Balloon Competition. Photo courtesy DarlArthurS
Colorado Springs Hot Air Balloon Competition. Photo courtesy DarlArthurS

Aircraft come in all different shapes, and sizes. Examples of aircraft include airplanes, helicopters, and gliders. Lighter-than-air such as Balloons, Airships (Blimps). Heavier-than-air such as an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) sometimes called drones or remotely piloted vehicles (RPVs) which are radio-controlled from the air or the ground. Unpowered manned heavier-than-air vehicles include hang gliders, gliders, and sailplanes.

Quadcopter camera drone in flight
Quadcopter camera drone in flight

Ultralights originally hang gliders are now adapted for power by the installation of small engines, as specially designed aircraft of very low weight and power, but with flying qualities similar to conventional light aircraft. They are intended primarily for pleasure flying. There are also Powered Parachutes, Amphibians, Kitbuilts or Homebuilts.

Rotorcraft, or rotary-wing aircraft, include helicopters, autogyros, and various hybrids such as gyrodynes and compound rotorcraft. Aerobatic planes, designed to be highly maneuverable and to perform in air shows. Single engine to multi engine planes. Civil aircraft include private planes, business planes, corporate jets, and commercial airliners, and of 2018 the largest is the double-decker Airbus A380 “super-jumbo” jet airliner – the world’s largest passenger airliner.

Emirates Airbus A380. Attribution: Julian Herzog
Emirates Airbus A380. Attribution: Julian Herzog

There are military aircraft or combat aircraft – fighters and bombers, and ground-attack aircraft including attack helicopters.

To train to become an aircraft designer or aeronautical engineer, you will require engineering and science preparation and education, in a wide range of different fields of high level studies, with university degree certification. This is a very skilled industry and will demand many years of learning.

Examples of aircraft designers are Wright brothers, Richard Vogt, Jack Northrop.

Architects‎ / Architectural Designers

Parthenon, Athens Greece. Photo taken in 1978. Attribution: Steve Swayne
Parthenon, Athens Greece. Photo taken in 1978. Attribution: Steve Swayne

In the world of Architecture, architects plan and design the construction of buildings. They also examine and investigate the soundness of these structures. They take into consideration other factors, like the surrounding space of the buildings, and how it will affect any human interaction.

The globe is filled with the artistry of architects and their designs. Any major city of our planet shows the beauty of these designers of edifices, some lasting centuries.

Taj Mahal, Agra, India. Attribution: Dhirad
Taj Mahal, Agra, India. Attribution: Dhirad

To be a professional in a career of architecture, one must be very highly trained with an education of a university degree in architecture. This involves years of study. And if this what excites you as a designer, you can leave your mark for others to see as a form of public art.

The Montreal Biosphère by Buckminster Fuller, 1967. Attribution: Cédric Thévenet
The Montreal Biosphère by Buckminster Fuller, 1967. Attribution: Cédric Thévenet

Examples of architects are Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Christopher Wren, Thomas Jefferson, David Adler, Peter Cook, Buckminster Fuller, Albert Kahn, Frank Lloyd Wright, Victor Anastasi, Benjamin Hick, Krzysztof Wodiczko.

Art Deco Designers‎

Art Deco chairs and table by Maurice Dufrene and Gobelin carpet designed by Paul Follot for the 1912 Salon des Decorateurs, Paris, now in the Musee d'Orsay, Paris. Attribution: SiefkinDR
Art Deco chairs and table by Maurice Dufrene and Gobelin carpet designed by Paul Follot for the 1912 Salon des Decorateurs, Paris, now in the Musee d’Orsay, Paris. Attribution: SiefkinDR

Art Deco was an era of style consisting of visual arts, architecture and design, combining modernist styles with fine, exquisite craftsmanship, even featuring rare and expensive materials, such as ebony and ivory. It first appeared in France just before World War I. It was one of the first truly international styles, becoming somewhat subdued during the Great Depression in the 1930s. But its influence ended with the beginning of World War II and when other styles followed.

London Underground poster by Horace Taylor (1924)
London Underground poster by Horace Taylor (1924)

This style of art method was an influence on the design of fashion, jewelry, furniture, buildings, movie theaters, cars, trains, ocean liners, and even everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners. Art Deco represented luxury, glamour, exuberance, and a belief in the advancement of technology and society, and was a composition of many different styles. The Chrysler Building and other skyscrapers of New York built during the 1920s and 1930s are monuments of the Art Deco style.

The gilded bronze Prometheus at Rockefeller Center, NY, by Paul Manship (1934), a stylized Art Deco update of classical sculpture (1936). Photographer: Maria Azzurra Mugnai
The gilded bronze Prometheus at Rockefeller Center, NY, by Paul Manship (1934), a stylized Art Deco update of classical sculpture (1936). Photographer: Maria Azzurra Mugnai

Examples of Art Deco Designers‎ are Jean Dunand, Henri Hamm, Vadym Meller.

An art deco chair (1912) and painted screen by the Paris firm of Sue and Mare, now in the Paris Museum of Decorative Arts. Author: SiefkinDR
An art deco chair (1912) and painted screen by the Paris firm of Sue and Mare, now in the Paris Museum of Decorative Arts. Author: SiefkinDR

Art Nouveau Designers‎

Alfons Mucha - F. Champenois Imprimeur-Éditeur
Alfons Mucha – F. Champenois Imprimeur-Éditeur

Art Nouveau – an international total art style that was most popular between 1890 and 1910, involved a wide range of fine art, especially decorative arts, including architecture, applied art, painting, graphic art, interior design, jewelry, furniture, textiles, ceramics, glass art, and metal work.

Cover of Jugend by Otto Eckmann (1896)
Cover of Jugend by Otto Eckmann (1896)

Art Nouveau, by 1910, was replaced as the dominant European architectural and decorative style, first by Art Deco, and then by Modernism.

Poster by Félix Vallotton for the new Maison de l'Art Nouveau (1896)
Poster by Félix Vallotton for the new Maison de l’Art Nouveau (1896)

Examples of Art Nouveau  artists and designers are Friedrich Adler, Duilio Cambellotti, Émile Gallé, Eugène Grasset, Archibald Knox, Louis Majorelle, Theo Nieuwenhuis, Ze’ev Raban, Gustave Serrurier-Bovy, Johan Thorn Prikker, Henry van de Velde, Philippe Wolfers.

Le Train Bleu in the Gare de Lyon, Paris. Author: Gryffindor
Le Train Bleu in the Gare de Lyon, Paris. Author: Gryffindor

Automobile Designers‎

An early example of Harley Earl's work seen in the 1938 Buick Y-Job
An early example of Harley Earl’s work seen in the 1938 Buick Y-Job

Automotive or motor vehicles, include automobiles, vans, trucks, buses, motorcycles, and big vehicles such as coaches and recreational vehicles (RVs). Also included would be tractors, and ATVs – all-terrain vehicles.

Automotive designing for these vehicles incorporates the look or appearance, style and the feeling associated with using them – the ergonomics.

In automotive designing, in order to develop the aesthetics or visual appearance of the vehicle, one can be called to work with any of the other designers of engineering fields of automotive, mechanical and electrical engineering, industrial design and transportation design.

Focus must be made on the function of the vehicle, as well as the shape or form, although the lead designer focuses on the outer shape of the vehicle. Design features are applied to both the exterior and interior design of the vehicle and any parts involved.

Consideration is given to color of paints to be used as well as the kind and texture of fabrics used, be they plastic, leather, wood, metal, and carpet. 3D digital modeling is used to help with initial sketches and feedback provided until a concept is agreed with a working model produced for future evaluation.

Also, consideration must be paid to all the parts that go into the manufacture of a vehicle, whether they are doors, windows, lights, seats, hood or bonnet, trunk or boot, plating, control panel, windshield, bumpers, dashboard, convertible or not, fascia, fenders, grill, braking system, the heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems, the ducts, the oil system, the type of energy used to power the automobile, be it gasoline, electric or hybrid system, diesel, biodiesel, ethanol, natural gas, hydrogen, propane, methanol, etc., the engine, and other parts and systems needed as the case might be in the total assembly. 

Examples of automotive designers are Omer Halilhodžić, Dilip Chhabria, Marcio Piancastelli, Sacha Laki.

Boat, Ship and Yatch Designers‎

Tahitian Princess in Tórshavn, Faroe Islands - 17 August 2009. Attribution: Erik Christensen
Tahitian Princess in Tórshavn, Faroe Islands – 17 August 2009. Attribution: Erik Christensen

Naval engineering involves the construction and repairs of ships (shipbuilding) and other floating vessels, both for commercial and military purposes, in a specific area called a shipyard. Shipbuilding is a specialized line of work by Shipbuilders or Shipwrights

Shipbuilding design, known also as naval architecture, now uses computer-aided design (CAD), and sometimes developed using a ship model basin. A modern method called block construction, which is made up of the different materials that go into segments of the ship, use prefabricated sections. This makes the entire process of building the ships more efficient.

A list of floating vessels will include Airboat, Aircraft Carrier, Barge, Brig, Cabin cruiser, Cruise ship, Canoe, Cargo, Catamaran, Destroyer, Dinghy, Dredging, Drift boat, Dugout, Ferry, Fishing boat, Float tube, Frigate, Gondola, Gunboat, Houseboat, Hovercraft, Hydroplane, Inflatable boat, Jet ski, Kayak, Launch, Landing craft, Lifeboat, Liner, Luxury yacht, Missile boat, Motorboat, Naval ship, Paddle, Patrol boat, Pirogue, Pleasure craft, Pontoon, Powerboat, Riverboat, Rowboat, Sailboat, Schooner, Ski boat, Skiff, Skipjack, Steam boat, Speed boat, Submarine, Surfboard, Swift boat, Tanker, Torpedo boat, Towboat, Trimaran, Trawler, Tugboat, U-boat, Water ski boat, Water taxi, Whaleboat, Yacht.

Designers: Alfred the Great, Peter Milne (boat designer), Frederick Shepherd (yacht designer),

Carousel Designers

French old-fashioned style carousel with stairs in La Rochelle. Attribution: Jebulon
French old-fashioned style carousel with stairs in La Rochelle. Attribution: Jebulon

Carousels were an early form of amusement rides as a merry-go-round, with seats shaped like those of horses or other animals, or even like mounted aeroplanes or cars on poles.

Examples of Carousel Designers: Gustav Dentzel, Marcus Illions, Charles I. D. Looff, Marvin Sylvor, Dentzel Carousel Company

Coats of Arms Designers

Coat of Arms of Ireland. Blazon: Azure, a harp or stringed argent. Attribution: Setanta Saki
Coat of Arms of Ireland. Blazon: Azure, a harp or stringed argent. Attribution: Setanta Saki

A coat of arms can belong to an individual person, or a family, a state, an organization, a corporation or a country. It is a form of visual design of heraldry. It was worn on different parts of the body like the shield and outer coats in times past.

Examples of Coat of Arms Designers: Ladislav Čisárik, Arvydas Každailis, Amon Kotei, Jiří Louda, Yevgeny Ukhnalyov, Gheorghe Vrabie, Juozas Zikaras.

Coin Designers

Bimetallic Egyptian one pound coin featuring King Tutankhamen. Attribution: Appaches
Bimetallic Egyptian one pound coin featuring King Tutankhamen. Attribution: Appaches

Coins are usually metallic, round, small, flat and standardized in weight. They are a form of exchange or legal tender or currency issued by a government. Some have become collector’s items and a type of investment.

Examples of Coin Designers: Abraham Abramson, Joseph Edgar Boehm, Robert-Ralph Carmichael, George Kruger Gray, Jean-Pierre Montagny, Coert Steynberg, Anton Vasyutinsky, William Wood, Juozas Zikaras

Dinnerware Designers

Artists in Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province, China Bowl with dragons, phoenixes, gourds, and characters for happiness Qing dynasty, Guangxu period, late 1880s Porcelain with transparent glaze and overglaze polychrome enamels and gilding Gift of the Conger Collection, 1991. E76744 Peabody Essex Museum
Artists in Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province, China.
Bowl with dragons, phoenixes, gourds, and characters for happiness Qing dynasty, Guangxu period, late 1880s Porcelain with transparent glaze and overglaze polychrome enamels and gilding Gift of the Conger Collection, 1991. E76744
Peabody Essex Museum

Dinnerware is also known as tableware. They are the dishes we use for dining, for serving our food, and for setting our tables with, such as glassware (drinking vessels, drinkware), cutlery (silverware), plates, bowls, and other dishes.

There are many different kinds of plates and bowls for serving and eating vegetables, salads, soups, desserts, cereals, fruits, rice, noodles and pasta. Also included in tableware are saucers, teacups, coffee cups, mugs, jugs, milk jugs, cream jugs, pitchers, platters, sugar bowls, salt and pepper shakers, teapots, coffee pots and trays, and different knives, forks and spoons for eating various food items.

Materials used to make dishes include wood, plastic, glass, acrylic, gold, silver, tin-glazed pottery, stoneware, and earthenware.

Lots of other dishes, cutlery and utensils are used for preparing and cooking our food before the actual dinnerware or tableware.

Examples of Dinnerware Designers: Ward Bennett, Susie Cooper, Rupert Deese, Alyson Fox, Edith Heath, Michael Lax, Corin Mellor, Frederick Hurten Rhead, Schmid Kreglinger, Paul Timman, Russel Wright, Eva Zeisel

Embroidery Designers

Traditional embroidery in chain stitch on a Kazakh rug, contemporary. A traditional Kazakh rug I bought when I lived in Mongolia. Attribution: Mark Heard from Canada
Traditional embroidery in chain stitch on a Kazakh rug, contemporary.
A traditional Kazakh rug I bought when I lived in Mongolia.
Attribution: Mark Heard from Canada

The materials commonly used in embroidery fabrics and yarns include wool, linen, silk, cotton, rayon, ribbon, beads, pearls, quills, and sequins.

Different Types of Embroidery Stitches include Back Stitch, Blanket Stitch, Bullion Knot, Chain Stitch, Couching Stitch, Detached Chain Stitch, Feather Stitch, Fly Stitch, French Knot Stitch, Herringbone Stitch, Lazy Daisy Stitch, Running Stitch, Satin Stitch, Seed Stitch, Split Stitch, Stem Stitch, Straight Stitch, Woven Wheel Stitch.

Embroidery can be seen on caps, hats, shirts, jackets, coats, blazers, dresses, draperies, gifts, and different apparels.

There are different categories of embroidery such as needlepoint, canvas work, free or surface, and counted embroidery.

Machine embroidery makes use of embroidery patterns software in a computerized embroidery machine, for example, to stitch and add monograms, logos and labels to numerous fabrics.

Embroidery Designers: Emilie Bach, Young Yang Chung, Leon Conrad, Jan Constantine, Kaffe Fassett, Evelyn Gleeson, Asami Kiyokawa, Marilyn Leavitt-Imblum, François Lesage, May Morris, Kathleen Laurel Sage, Charles Germain de Saint Aubin, Anna Sibylla Sergell, Shen Shou, Mary Elizabeth Turner, Teresa Wentzler, Kathleen Whyte, Erica Wilson

Fashion Designers

Students from the College of DuPage Fashion Studies program recently showed off their creations at "Elements," the 2015 fashion show. In addition to highlighting their creations, students received awards in various categories. Attribution: COD Newsroom
Students from the College of DuPage Fashion Studies program recently showed off their creations at “Elements,” the 2015 fashion show. In addition to highlighting their creations, students received awards in various categories. Attribution: COD Newsroom

One of the most glamorous and ever popular industries is that of fashion. There are countless fashion designers from countries all over the world showing trends of their customs and culture. You can too if you are into any of these different areas of beauty, style, styling, trends, image, clothing, footwear, lingerie, dresses, outfits, knitwear, leather-wear, ready-to-wear, makeup, perfume, vogue, haute couture, lifestyle, retro, brand, décor, fashion shows, and whatever comes along with this designer wonderland.

Fashion designers use their artistic abilities to create styles and trends with lots of clothing types, and also with accessories as necklaces and bracelets. They work with different materials and an assortment of colors, patterns and tastes from which to choose, whether it is everyday wear or casual (ready to wear), or dresses, evening wear, or haute couture for special occasions.

Some fashion designers create garments that are original, creating for children, women or men fashion lines.

A fashion designer may choose to work in a variety of ways, alone, for oneself, under his or her own label, or selling their designs directly to clothing shops, fashion houses, or manufacturers with their label. Fashion designers can design for their own clients, department stores, or specialty stores. They may also choose to work full-time with others in a team, as in-house designers.

Costume workshop in Prague theater. Author: Jorge Royan
Costume workshop in Prague theater. Author: Jorge Royan

Fashion designing is done mostly the old fashion way, as a pattern maker does, by sketching creations on paper, or by draping the fabric on a dress form. When a garment is finish created, a model is used for testing, evaluation and customization before the final go ahead. Others who may assist in the design process include tailors, seamstresses, textile designers and stylists. Whether it is one-of-a-kind, or for mass market, the original design process is the same.

Costume and fashion designers also have been designing and are designers of ballet costumes.

Notable fashion Designers include Calvin Klein, Carolina Herrera, Christian Dior, Christian Lacroix, Coco Chanel,Diane Von Furstenberg, Dolce and Gabbana, Donatella Versace, Donna Karan, Gianni Versace, Giorgio Armani, Jean Paul Gaultier, Jimmy Choo, Karl Lagerfeld, Mary Quant, Miuccia Prada, Oscar de la Renta, Pierre Cardin, Ralph Lauren, Tommy Hilfiger, Valentino, Vera Wang, Yves Saint Laurent.

Flag Designers‎ or Vexillographers

Van Kirk's World Peace Flag. Attribution: Kjerish
Van Kirk’s World Peace Flag. Attribution: Kjerish

A vexillographer is a person who develops the ability and the creative art to design flags.

Flags are usually designed on large-size cloth with the intention of it being displayed noticeably indoors, or hoisted outdoors high on a mast to be seen from afar. And for that reason they are made with colors that are simple and bold. Flags are created to represent groups, organizations, governments, and other associations.

Flag Designers: Ron Cobb, John McConnell

Floral Designers

Floral art in a competition at the Chandigarh Rose Festival. India. Auhor: Maheshkumaryadav
Floral art in a competition at the Chandigarh Rose Festival. India.
Author: Maheshkumaryadav

Floral Designers are instrumental in making many kinds of flower arrangements including, garlands, bows, corsages and wreaths. Use is usually made of different kinds and colors of flowers that are blooming.

Dried Arrangements may combine materials such as dried flowers, leaves, wood, and tree barks.

Types of Flower Arrangement or Floral Design Styles include Botanical, Cascade, Crescent Corsage, Elliptical, Fan Shaped, Formal Linear, Garden Style, Hedgerow, Horizontal, Inverted “T”, Mille de Fleur, Nosegay Corsage, Oval Shaped, Parallel Systems, Pot au Fleur, ‘S’ Shape, Triangular, Vertical, Western Line.

Floral Designers: Daniel Ost, Jennifer McGarigle, Julia Clements, Junichi Kakizaki, Phil Rulloda.

Furniture Designers‎

Red and Blue Chair (1917), designed by Gerrit Rietveld. Picture taken by User:Ellywa, with permission of the owner of the chair.
Red and Blue Chair (1917), designed by Gerrit Rietveld. Picture taken by User:Ellywa, with permission of the owner of the chair.

Furniture is a product that may have function, used as decoration and has design features. Furniture can be made from all sorts of things nowadays. They include wood, bamboo, rattan, metal, plastic, leather, glass, precious metals, fiberglass, concrete, paper, cardboard, and recycled products such as boxes, tires, crates and pallets.

Furniture include beds, bookcases, cabinets, chairs, chests, closets, couches, cupboards, desks, dressers, shelves, sofas, stools, tables, wardrobes.

Industrial designers can also create furniture for mass production. Also, Eco Designers are designing furniture products with the environment in mind.

Furniture Designers: Claus Bonderup, Busk + Hertzog, Josef Fanta, Grant Featherston, Konstantin Grcic, Ana Kraš, Sacha Lakic, Édouard Lièvre, Ligne Roset, Jacqueline Ntuyabaliwe, Samira Rathod

Game Designers‎

Screenshot of an early phase of developement of Battle for Mandicor v 0.0.5. Attribution: GPL game
Screenshot of an early phase of developement of Battle for Mandicor v 0.0.5. Attribution: GPL game

Game designers create games mostly for entertainment and educational purposes. Games may come in the form of apps for handheld devices – smartphones, tablets, or software for computers. Besides simple digital games over the years such as card playing, board, dice and other casino type games, and video games, there are role-playing games for sports, war and building societies in virtual worlds.

Incorporated in the game is the usual rules of the game plus challenges to compete and reach higher levels or goals for rewards points or badges. There are games for single players or interaction games among multiple players in these role-playing games.

Then there is Gamification which applies the elements and principles of games to foster a host of activities such as educating, learning, tutorials, exercises, organizing, strategics, achieving, and mastering.

Many elements and other designers are involved in the creation of a game such as the graphics, visual art, motion graphics and music.

Game Designers: Dave Arneson, Frank Chadwick, Troy Christensen, Jim Dunnigan, Richard Garfield, Andrew Greenberg, Ed Greenwood, Gary Gygax, Marc Miller, Jonathan Tweet, Mark H. Walker, Jordan Weisman, Skip Williams.

Graphic Designers

Plakat für die Fernsehserie "Reden muß man miteinander", für das Heinz Edelmann 1982 die Vorlage für die Redaktion von Claus Spahn (WDR) beim Westdeutschen Rundfunk gemacht hat. Author: Heinz Edelmann
Plakat für die Fernsehserie “Reden muß man miteinander”, für das Heinz Edelmann 1982 die Vorlage für die Redaktion von Claus Spahn (WDR) beim Westdeutschen Rundfunk gemacht hat. Author: Heinz Edelmann

Graphic Designers use their creativity to arrange or manipulate text, words, images, photographs, and graphics in many varied ways. They make designs for most of the advertisements we read, hear and see such as fliers, leaflets, brochures, business cards, posters, signs, logos, tickets for events (such as concerts, raffles, fundraisers), banners, promotional products (pens, mugs, cups, t-shirts, calendars) and flashing electronic ads.

They design for books, magazines, newspapers, websites, radio, television, and other publications, whether it the print media or other electronic media. Computers with graphic software is used to create these designs.

Graphic Designers also make use of a vast array of convincing devices such as color, sounds, music, models, and other promotional productions to appeal to a targeted audience and thereby attract attention for marketing purposes.

To aspire for a career in this field, graphic design university degrees are available. The use of computer software is a must with the industry standard of Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator and InDesign as designing tools or else with a CorelDraw Graphics Suite.

Graphic Designers: Adrian Frutiger, Alan Fletcher, April Greiman, Carol Twombly, Chip Kidd, Dave Halili, David Carson, Dolly Rudeman, Elaine Lustig Cohen, Gail Anderson, Ruth Kedar, Herb Lubalin, Jan Tschichold, Jock Kinneir, Jon Hicks, Louise Fili, Margaret Calvert, Marian Bantjes, Milton Glaser, Otl Aicher, Paul Rand, Susan Kare, Vincent Connare.

Industrial Designers‎

A Fender Stratocaster with sunburst finish, one of the most widely recognized electric guitars in the world. User: Zimo95 My 2003 Fender Stevie Ray Vaughan signature Stratocaster guitar (front).
A Fender Stratocaster with sunburst finish, one of the most widely recognized electric guitars in the world.
User: Zimo95
My 2003 Fender Stevie Ray Vaughan signature Stratocaster guitar (front).

Industrial designers work with other professionals such as engineers, to create consumer product’s shape, pattern and structure first. Then mass production of the manufacturing of the product takes place. Industrial design is a part of product design and engineering design. Computer-aided design is made use of before prototypes are made and tested. Occupation and advancement of careers in this field require engineering design schooling.

Industrial Designers: Belle Kogan, Elon Musk, Franco Lodato, Greta von Nessen, Helene Rother, James Dyson, Jennarong Muengtaweepongsa, Jerry Manock, Konstantin Grcic, Marcus Notley, Morten Villiers Warren, Patricia Moore, Paul Arzens, Philippe Starck, Ran Lerner, Roger Ball, Satyendra Pakhale, Stephen Melamed, Thomas Meyerhoffer.

Interior Designers

Interior design in a restaurant. Michelin two-starred Shang Palace main dining hall. Attribution: Ksl.communications
Interior design in a restaurant. Michelin two-starred Shang Palace main dining hall. Attribution: Ksl.communications

Interior designing is a form of decorating art. As well as a science, because it involves the development, planning and construction of the environment to the specification of the overall concept. It means working with the different professionals concerning the various aspects of the total project, whether they be architects, textile designers, furniture designers, contractors, or engineers such as in the fields of electricity, lightning, sound, acoustics, and others.

Taken into consideration besides the various styles and furnishings, are the ceiling decoration, the floors whether carpet, wood, tiles, or other, the walls, decorative paneling, wallpaper, draperies, mantels, colors of paint used, mirrors, screens, in all, the overall ambiance and aesthetics.

Interior design in residential or commercial buildings, are done for example, homes, offices, motels, hotels, public buildings, churches, schools, universities, showrooms, exhibition halls, convention centers, museums, galleries, shopping centers, malls, department stores, banks, hospitals, laboratories, media studios, restaurants, resorts, nightclubs, casinos, bars, concert halls, theaters, cruise ships, gyms, spas, sporting venues, and stadiums.

An Exhibition Designer is a professional who creates fixtures and display stands for events. Such as for large public exhibitions, conferences, trade shows and temporary displays for businesses, museums, libraries and art galleries.

Exhibition Designers: Terry Brown, Theodore Cohen, Jeff Daly, James Gardner, James E. Mayo, Jonathan Nesci, Damon Rich

Interior Designers: David Nightingale Hicks, Dorothy Draper, Emilio Terry, Frank Lloyd Wright, Jo Hamilton, Jonathan Adler, Kelly Hoppen, Kelly Wearstler, Kerry Joyce, Lorenzo Mongiardino, Mary Douglas Drysdale, Michael S. Smith, Nate Berkus, Nina Campbell, Nina Petronzio, Sandra Espinet, Sister Parish, Stéphane Boudin, Syrie Maugham, Troy Adams

Jewelry Designers

Rendering of Jewelry Design. Source: Archie Marting Design Handbook. Author: Archie Martin
Rendering of Jewelry Design. Source: Archie Marting Design Handbook. Author: Archie Martin

A jewelry designer uses his ideas to construct a concept and then makes elaborate technical drawings and then fashions his design.

Examples of jewelry designs are Anklet, Art jewelry, Belly chain, Body piercing jewelry,‎ Bracelets‎, Brooches‎, Button, Collar pin, Coronet, Crown, Cufflink, Diadem, Earring, Hairpin, Necklaces‎, Nose-jewel, Pendant, Pilgrim badge, Rings‎, Rope chain, Rosary, Shirt stud, Shoe buckle, Tiara, Tie chain, Tie clip, Tie pin.

Jewelry Designers: Joanna Angelett, Jelena Behrend, Melissa Curry, Archibald Knox, Elena Kriegner, Anita Mai Tan, Jérémie Pauzié, Wendy Ramshaw, Nicholas Rayner, Lluís Masriera i Rosés, Tanja Manuela Sadow, Natasha Zinko.

Landscape / Garden / Sustainable / Urban Designers

Central Park in Manhattan, the first landscaped urban park in the United States. Southwest corner of Central Park, looking east towards Fifth Avenue, NYC. Author: Ed Yourdon from New York
Central Park in Manhattan, the first landscaped urban park in the United States. Southwest corner of Central Park, looking east towards Fifth Avenue, NYC. Author: Ed Yourdon from New York

Landscape design involves the design elements of a property taking into consideration environmental sustainability, conservation, soils and irrigation, site drainage, plants, trees, rocks, boulders, groundwater, gardens, scenery – all that makes up the nature. And how the physical structure of the buildings itself affects this surrounding natural habitat.

Landscape design, sustainability, and landscape planning involves areas of landscape architecture and also deals with flora and fauna, wildlife, invasive species, native plants, organic gardening, organic farming, revegetation, nurseries, ornamental horticulture, soil contamination, soil testing, soil management, reforestation, conservation of water, water pollution or water contamination, air pollution or air contamination, greenhouse gas emissions, pesticide poisoning, pest control, energy usage from renewable resources, or energy-efficiency, and non-sustainable consumption of natural resources.

Sustainable landscaping encompasses gray water landscape irrigation using water from showers and sinks, growing shady trees next to buildings, and also with the creation of wind breaks to help cool the environment, planting vines on walls and growing plants on roofs, composting kitchen and yard wastes, recycling of products, on the whole, establishing permaculture, and Eco-friendly living.

Urban Design Center Kashiwa-no-ha. Author: Abasaa
Urban Design Center Kashiwa-no-ha. Author: Abasaa

Urban planning takes into consideration the community as a whole, whether it be a town, a city, public parks, national parks, public and private spaces, buildings, recreational amenities, sports fields, sports centers, golf courses, botanical gardens, human and vehicular passageways, security, property codes and safety, nature reserves, and other considerations.

Landscape / Garden Designers: Myles Baldwin, Bevis Bawa, Charles Bridgeman, Andrea Brunsendorf, Declan Buckley, David Glenn, Juan Grimm, Tom Hoblyn, Juta Krulc, William Martin, Roberto Burle Marx, Ken Nakajima, Piet Oudolf, Andrew Pfeiffer, Marek Sobola, Christopher Tunnard, Edna Walling, John Webb.

Urban Designers / Planners: Agustín Landa Verdugo, Paolo Soleri, Moshe Safdie, Andrés Duany, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, Peter Calthorpe, Michael E. Arth

Landscape Architects‎: Juan Grimm, Peter Jacobs, Mikyoung Kim, Diane Pearson, Militsa Prokhorova, Gonçalo Ribeiro Telles, Ildefonso P. Santos Jr., Ruth Shellhorn, André Vera

Lighting Designers‎

Lighting at the 2005 Classical Spectacular Concert in the Rod Laver Arena, Melbourne. Photo taken at ISO 1600 with no tripod. Attribution: Fir0002/Flagstaffotos. Under the CC BY-NC.
Lighting at the 2005 Classical Spectacular Concert in the Rod Laver Arena, Melbourne. Photo taken at ISO 1600 with no tripod.
Attribution: Fir0002/Flagstaffotos.
Under the CC BY-NC.

A lighting designer (or LD) works with a team of lightning technicians on productions such as shows, be they theatre, pop, rock, tours, even the opening and closing ceremonies of Olympic Games. They work with other members of the production like, the production manager, the director, stage manager, stage designer, set designer, sound designer, and choreographer. They usually use special computer-aided design programming to help in the timing, accuracy and efficiency of their presentations.

Examples of Lighting Designers: Adolphe Appia, Imero Fiorentino, Stanley McCandless, Tharon Musser, Jean Rosenthal, Tom Skelton, Scott Warner, Rogier van der Heide, Maurizio Rossi, Kenneth Posner, Stanley McCandless, Donald Holder, David Hersey, Marc Brickman, Brian Sidney Bembridge.

Logo Designers‎

The first logo to be trademarked was the Bass red triangle in 1876. The logo of Bass Brewery. Attribution: Vargklo
The first logo to be trademarked was the Bass red triangle in 1876. The logo of Bass Brewery. Attribution: Vargklo

A logo is used to identify a company, product or service. It consist of a symbol, or graphical mark of distinction that becomes to be associated and thereafter recognized with the company, product or service. Monograms, seals and emblems are forms of logos.

Logo creation embraces the art of graphic design. And schooling in this area affords one a career in this field of logo designing.

Very notable logo designers include Paul Rand and Saul Bass.

Packaging Designers

Various types of household packaging for foods. Photo by R. L. Sheehan of commercially available packages.
Various types of household packaging for foods. Photo by R. L. Sheehan of commercially available packages.

Packaging products makes it easier for storage, distribution, the promotional and sales process, before consumer use. Labeling which involves graphic designing go hand in hand with packaging products. Symbols or logos are also used to identify products or the company involved with the manufacture or distribution of the products.

Packaging can be wrappings, packets, canning and bottling used for better food preservation. Recycled packaging is good for the environment as well as keeping costs down. Packaging gives information as it relates to ingredients as well as use, trademarks, shelf life, bar codes and where manufactured.

Again graphic design schooling is used for labeling and designing packages for products.

Poster Designers

Ringling Bros. World's Greatest Shows: Madam Ada Castello. Daring Madam Castello's amazing exploits on the equine marvel "Jupiter". Promotional poster for Ringling Brothers by the Coach Lithographic Co., Buffalo, New York, ca. 1899. Source: Madam Ada Castello and Jupiter, poster for Ringling Brothers, ca. 1899
Ringling Bros. World’s Greatest Shows: Madam Ada Castello. Daring Madam Castello’s amazing exploits on the equine marvel “Jupiter”. Promotional poster for Ringling Brothers by the Coach Lithographic Co., Buffalo, New York, ca. 1899. Source: Madam Ada Castello and Jupiter, poster for Ringling Brothers, ca. 1899

Poster design incorporates elements of text and graphic designs. Posters are mainly used to inform, promote and advertise events. Be it events for musical performances or concerts, sports occasions, political meetings, movies, real estate, even travel destinations. School and community posters are used to inform and encourage. Posters are used to advertise consumer products in outlets such as in tiny corner stores to big shopping malls. There are also pin-up posters that almost every teenager has or had on his or her bedroom walls.

Any education or training in artistic design schooling will be able to secure a career in this exciting field of poster designing.

Notable poster artists include m Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Jules Chéret, Eugène Grasset, Adolphe Willette, Pierre Bonnard, Alfred Choubrac, Georges de Feure and Henri-Gabriel Ibels.

Pottery Designers

Italian red earthenware vase covered with a mottled pale blue glaze. This is a red earthenware vase covered with a mottled pale blue glaze. It has large blue and gold-coated flowers and a scalloped gold-coated rim. It stands 43cm tall and is 18cm in diameter at the top. It was manufactured in Italy and collected by Benjamin Ronalds (1892-1970). Attribution: Queensland Museum
Italian red earthenware vase covered with a mottled pale blue glaze.
This is a red earthenware vase covered with a mottled pale blue glaze. It has large blue and gold-coated flowers and a scalloped gold-coated rim. It stands 43cm tall and is 18cm in diameter at the top. It was manufactured in Italy and collected by Benjamin Ronalds (1892-1970). Attribution: Queensland Museum

A Potter is a person who makes pottery and he uses ceramic material to make such wares as porcelain, earthenware, and stoneware. Pottery dates back to prehistoric times and when discovered are artifacts of archaeology.

Clay is molded by hand or machinery into the desired shape and then heated in a kind of oven known as a kiln. The clay body is decorated before or after the heating process. A coating of glaze is sometimes applied to the pottery.

Examples of pottery designers: Charles Noke, Charlotte Rhead, Frederick Hurten Rhead, Susan Williams-Ellis.

Product Designers

A MakerBot three-dimensional printer. Attribution: Bre Pettis
A MakerBot three-dimensional printer. Attribution: Bre Pettis

Product Design incorporates coming up with new ideas or better ideas if a remake is in order for a product. Prototypes are then made, evaluated, tested, remade if necessary, with market research done about the viability surrounding the product. First of all market research is done to make sure if the product is needed in the first place, or it has the market to sustain and grow and succeed.

There are a lot of design mechanisms that go into the development of new products. The latest technology is the use of 3-D printing to manufacture finished products.

Education in this field can be in any of the engineering fields of study, depending on what kind of product or invention is needed. So schooling in design with degree certification in higher level education will be an asset.

Most Notable Product Designers also are Industrial Designers. Examples of these designers are Sacha Lakic, Philippe Starck, Imran Chaudhri, Jony Ive, James Dyson, Rick Dickinson

Scenic Designers‎

Scenic Design is also known as Scenography, Stage Design, Set Design, Production Design or Prop Design.

Scenic design, The 2010 Family Series, by Glenn Davis
Scenic design, The 2010 Family Series, by Glenn Davis

Scenic designers design sets and scenery that aim to support the overall artistic goals of the creation of theatrical, film or television scenery.

Scenic design is firstly a process of envisioning the story being told, with the scenic designer working with the director and other designers, and then developing a complete set of design drawings, even using the technology of 3-D CAD modeling of the set design. After the overall visual concept for the production, they then design the stage environment.

Scenic designers can be trained professionals, holding a B.F.A. or M.F.A. degrees in theater arts.

Notable Scenic Designers: Boris Aronson, Alexandre Benois, Alison Chitty, Barry Kay, Caspar Neher, Cyro Del Nero, Aleksandra Ekster, David Gallo, Edward Gordon Craig, Franco Zeffirelli, George Tsypin, Howard Bay, Jo Mielziner, John Lee Beatty, Ken Adam, Léon Bakst, Maria Björnson, Natalia Goncharova, Neil Patel, Robert Wilson, Russell Patterson, Brian Sidney Bembridge, Santo Loquasto, Todd Rosenthal, Roger Kirk.

Surfboard Shapers‎

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A surfboard shaper is someone who builds and designs surfboards by hand. Originally made from wood, most modern surfboards are made from pre-formed polyurethane blanks or styrofoam, fiberglass sheets, and thermosetting resin such as polyester. The surfboards are shaped by the shaper using an array of tools ranging from surforms, rasps, sanding machines and power planers.

Diagram of a surfboard including the nose, the tail the rails, the stringer, and the leg rope. Attribution: KDS444
Diagram of a surfboard including the nose, the tail the rails, the stringer, and the leg rope. Attribution: KDS444

Web or Website Designers‎

Web design books in Bayview Village Chapters. Attribution: Raysonho @ Open Grid Scheduler / Grid Engine
Web design books in Bayview Village Chapters. Attribution: Raysonho @ Open Grid Scheduler / Grid Engine

Web designing use different skills related to computer software development. They include web graphic design, interface design, code programming, user experience design, and search engine optimization. The design process is made up of the front-end (client side) design of a website including writing mark up or code writing. This may consist of a team of individuals working together or just a one-man outfit doing it all. Web design also creates websites and apps for different size devices, whether they are desktop or laptop computers, tablets or smartphones.

Best Art Design Magazines

Here is a list of some of the best art design magazines to empower you on your designing journey. Read, explore, discover, play and create. Witness how others are producing so you too can add your works-of-art.

  • A New Type of Imprint
  • Aesthetica
  • Afterall
  • Bak
  • Blueprint
  • BOMB
  • Communication Arts
  • Computer Arts
  • Courier
  • Creative Boom
  • CREATIVE REVIEW
  • Delayed Gratification
  • Dirty Furniture
  • Disegno
  • Eye
  • Fiera
  • form
  • Graphic
  • Harvard Design Magazine
  • HOLO
  • Idea
  • IDN
  • It’s Nice That
  • Juxtapoz
  • Modern Design Review
  • Ninety-Nine U
  • Novum
  • Plazm
  • Printed Pages
  • Revolutionart
  • Sculpture
  • Slanted
  • The Great Discontent
  • Wallpaper
  • Works That Work

Designer Christoph Niemann

Graphic designer Christoph Niemann at Typo San Francisco 2013. Source: Christoph Niemann. Attribution: FontShop from USA
Graphic designer Christoph Niemann at Typo San Francisco 2013.
Source: Christoph Niemann.
Attribution: FontShop from USA

Here we will give a short excerpt of a modern day designer Christoph Niemann. He is a graphic designer and an illustrator.

Initially, Christoph Niemann came from Waiblingen, West Germany being born there in 1970. After his Fine Arts studies in Germany, he moved in 1997 to New York City.

Christoph Niemann has won many awards for his work, including the award from the exceptional, professional organization for design, known as The American Institute of Graphic Arts (AIGA). He has been inducted into the Art Directors Club Hall of Fame in 2010. Some of his work have appeared on the covers of The New Yorker, The New York Times Magazine, American Illustration and Atlantic Monthly. He has also written various books with some as children’s books.

In 2008 Christoph Niemann relocated to Berlin with his family – his wife and three sons. Niemann continues working as an illustrator and a writer. He contributes to Abstract Sunday (formerly The New York Times blog Abstract City). He also has an app to showcase his interactive illustration talents. And he has been featured in the first season of the Netflix docu-series Abstract: The Art of Design.

Studies of Design

Martinique Landscape 1887, Scottish National Gallery by the Artist Paul Gauguin (1848–1903)
Martinique Landscape 1887, Scottish National Gallery by the Artist Paul Gauguin (1848–1903)

Philosophies and studies of design can be accessed through Colleges, Classes, Courses, Books, Documentaries, and Videos (YouTube).

For a career in designing, a good start would in be in graphic design. And a computer software application of tremendous help is Adobe Photoshop. There are free alternatives, one such free graphic software program is Gimp. So start with designing fliers, brochures, bulletins, banners and business cards, all involving these software in desktop publishing. There are also templates to guide one and make the process as easy as possible.

Starting at home or school is the first step in designing. Then more advanced training can be pursued in higher level educational institutions like trade schools or universities. Even online schooling and courses are available once an internet connection and a computing device are available.

Produce, develop, or improve a design, whether you innovate, or it is your original creation that you intend for a particular purpose.

Your level of enthusiasm will determine your highest ideals. So get involved in any way you can possibly. There are family, friends who may have education, experience or skills to help you. Social media groups on Facebook and elsewhere, as Meetups and Special Interest Groups in cities all over the world are also available.

If you love designing, and a yearning to develop your creative skills as a designer, we can look to nature for divine inspiration, for nature is the best designer of life. Just look around at our magnificent universe. See the wonder of this world and add your distinctive mark, your grand designs.

Poster about Tungsram filaments, Hungary ca.1910 by Géza Faragó (1877–1928)
Poster about Tungsram filaments, Hungary ca.1910 by Géza Faragó (1877–1928)